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18 terms

Chapter 15 ; Africa

STUDY
PLAY
Efe
one of several hunting gatherings
lives in small groups between 10-100 (all are related)
lineage
groups families are organized members believe they are descendants of a common ancestors.
stateless societies
did not have centralized system of power
patrilineal
society that trace ancestors through their fathers
inheritance passes from father to son
matrilineal
society that children trace their ancestors through their mothers
inherit from mothers family
maghrib
the part of North Africa that is today the Miditerranean
Almoravids
strict religious brotherhood that was founded by Ibn Yasin
Almohads
another group of Berber Muslim reformers also seized power from the Almoravids
Ghana
a kingdom, and its rulers were growing rich by taxing the goods that trades carried through their territory
Mali
1235 the kingdom emerged, its founders were Mande-speaking people
Sundiata
Mali's first great leader, came to power by crushing a cruel, unpopular leader.
Ibn Battuta
one of Mansa Musa's successors prepared to recieve a traveler and historian.
A native of Tangier in North Africa
traveled for 27 years
visiting the most countries in the Islamic World
Songhai people
to the east
They built up an army and extended their territory to the large bend in the Niger River near Garo
Hausa
a group of people named after the language they spoke
Yoruba
the people all speak common language
Swahili
Arabic and Bantu blended language
Great Zimbabwe
In Southeastern Africa the Sona people established a city
Mutapa Empire
the origin of the term mwene mutapa