20 terms

Poetry Terms Study Guide

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metaphor
a comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning my making the statement of inference that one is the other
simile
a comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as loke, as, than, or resembles
personification
a figure of speech in which an animal, an object, a natural force, or an idea is given personality, or described as if it were human
limerick
a five- line humorous poem consisting of a specific rhyme and rhythm pattern
concrete
a poem in which the typographical arrangment of words is as omportant in conveying the intended effecct as the conventional elements of the poem
lyric
a poem that expresses a speaker's personal thoughts or feelings
narrative
a poem that tells a story
ballad
a poem tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain
haiku
a three-line poem consisting of lines with 5 syllables, 7 syllables, and 5 syllables
imagery
language that appeals to the senses by creating pictures in the reader's mind
free verse
poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern or expectation
rhyme
the effect created when words share the same stressed consonant sounds, not necessarily at the beginning of the words
assonance
the effect created when words with the same vowel sound are used in close porximity to eachother
rhythm
the pattern of accent or stress in lines of verse
repetitiion
the repeated pccurence of a word, phrase, stanza form, or effect in any form of literature
alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
consonance
the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words
end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
internal rhyme
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)
onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds