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120 terms

Medical Terminology Unit 9

Anatomic Terms
STUDY
PLAY
dors/o
near on the back
ventr/o
near or on the belly side of the body
anter/o
toward the front or in front of
poster/o
following or located behind
cephal/o
upward, toward the head
caud/o
downward, toward the tail
medi/o
toward the midline
later/o
toward the side, away from the midline
super-
above
sub-/infra-
below
proxim/o
near the point of origin
dist/o
away from the point of origin
sagitt/o
vertical, anteroposterior direction or plane dividing into left and right
coron/o
resembling a crown or encircling
achromophilic
resisting color (stain)
aerobic
requiring air to live
aerocele
herniation containing air
aerophobia
abnormal fear of air
aerotherapy
treatment using air (respiratory therapy)
amenorrhea
cessation of menstruation
anaerobic
able to live without air
anterolateral
front and side
ateromedial
front and middle
anteroposterior
from front to back
anterosuperior
front and top
ateriostasis
control of flow through arteries
bioethics
study of what is good and bad for living things
biology
the study of living things
blastoderm
embryonic disk that gives rise to the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm
caudad
toward the tail (sacrum)
cephalad
toward the head
cephalocaudal
from head to tail
chondrodysplasia
defective development of cartilage
chromogenesis
formation of color
chromolysis
destruction of color
chromometer
measuring color
chromophilic
attracting color (stain)
coronal
pertaining to the crown or encircling
coronary
pertaining the the crown or encircling (reference to around the heart)
diagnosis
identifying a disease
dialysis
separating of substances in a solution (filtration)
diarrhea
abnormally loose watery bowel movement
distal
away from a point of origin of designated point
dorsal
back (posterior)
dorsocephalad
from back toward the head
dysentery
inflammation of the intestine
dysmenorrhea
difficult or painful menstruation
dyspepsia
poor digestion
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
dystocia
difficulty in labor
ectocytic
outside the cell (extracellular, adjective)
ectoderm
outer embryonic (germ) layer
ectogenous
formed outside the body (from another source, adjective)
ectopic
outside the normal location (adjective)
ectoplasm
outer membrane of the cell
endocardium
inner membrane layer of the heart
endochondral
within the cartilage (adjective)
endocolitis
inflammation of the lining of the colon
endocystic
inside the urinary bladder or inside a cyst (adjective)
endoderm
inner embryonic (germ) layer
endoenteritis
inflammation of the lining of the small intestine
endogenous
made by one's own body (adjective)
endoscopy
process of using scope to look into the body
eugenics
choosing good genetic train to propagate
eupepsia
good digestion
eupnea
easy breathing
euthanasia
easy death
eutocia
easy labor
hyperplasia
overdevelopment (too many cells)
hypoplasia
underdevelopment (too few cells)
inferior
below
lateral
side
lithotripsy
surgical crushing of a stone
lymphostasis
control of lymph flow
medial
middle
menopause
cessation of menstruation, ovulation, and atrophy of female reproductive system
menorrhagia
hemorrhage during menstruation
menses
menstruation (menorrhea) plural: menses
midsagittal
the plane dividing the body into equal right and left halves
neurotripsy
surgical crushing of a nerve
omphalectomy
excision of the umbilicus
omphalic
pertaining the the umbilicus
omphalitis
inflammation of the umbilicus
omphalocele
umbilical hernia
omphalorrhagia
hemorrhage of the umbilicus
omphalorrhea
discharge from the umbilicus
omphlorrhexis
rupture of the umbilicus
osteochondrodysplasia
defective development of bone and cartilage
para-appendicitis
inflammation near the appendix
paracentral
pertaining to near the center (adjective)
paracolpitis
inflammation near the vagina
paracystitis
inflammation near the urinary bladder
parahepatitis
inflammation near the kidney
parietal
pertaining to the wall
peritoneum
membrane of the abdomen
phlebostasis
control of flow through a vein
pleura
membrane of the lungs
posteroanterior
from back to front
pesteroexternal
back and outside
posterointernal
back and inside
posterolateral
back and side
procephalic
in front of head
prognosis
predicting the outcome of a disease
prognostic
pertaining to prognosis
proximal
near the point of origin of a designated point
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
pseudocyst
false cyst
pseudoedema
false swelling
pseudoesthesia
false sensation
retrocolic
behind the colon
retroflexion
bending (flexing) backward
retroperitoneum
behind the peritoneum
retroperitonitis
inflammation of the area behin the peritoneum
retrosternal
behind the sternum (adjective)
retroversion
twisting (turning) backward
sagittal
vertical in an ateroposterior direction or plane
superior
above
sypilophobia
abnormal fear of syphilis
syphilopsychosis
severe mental condition caused by untreated syphilis
syphilotherapy
treatment for syphilis