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Terms in this set (36)
What is a calorie?
amount of energy in food or amount of energy released by your body
What is hunger?
natural physical drive to eat prompted by the bodies need for food
What is appetite?
psychological desire for food
What are the two main categories that carbohydrates may be classified as?
simple and complex
What is the main function of carbohydrates?
What is the suggested percentage of carbohydrates in a person's daily diet?
One gram of carb is equal to how many calories?
What are the two main categories that proteins may be classified as?
complete and incomplete
What are the main functions of protein?
energy production, help build and maintain body cells and tissue
What is the suggested percentage of protein in a person's daily diet?
One gram of protein is equal to how many calories?
What are the main functions of fat?
cell structure, regulating body temp, protecting body, satisfies hunger
What is the suggested percentage of fats in a person's daily diet?
Wat are the two main categories of fats?
saturated and unsaturated
What are five food examples of saturated fats
What are five food examples of unsaturated fats
One gram of fat is equal to how many calories?
What is the fat that is the worst for your body?
What is the best fat to consume?
What are the main functions of water?
carries waste, lubricates joints, assists in digestion, eliminates waste
What is the suggested amount of water intake per day?
9 for girls, 13 for boys
What are the two main categories minerals can be classified as?
macro and trace
What are two functions of zinc?
immune system, sense of smell, wound healing
What is the main function of calcium?
strong bones and teeth
What is the main function of iron?
production of red blood cells
What are the two main categories that vitamins may be classified as?
water soluble, fat soluble
What are two main functions of Vitamin A?
good vision, maintain healthy teeth, skin
What are two main functions of Vitamin B?
metabolism, change carbs to energy, healthy skin and nerve
What factors contribute to how many calories a person needs?
age, size, gender
How do emotions affect eating?
boredom, response to stress, used a reward, mindless eating
What is the condition in which the bones become fragile and break easily?
What is the set of recommendations about smart eating and physical activity?
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
How do you gain weight in a healthy way?
consume more calories than you expend
How do you lose weight in a healthy way?
consume less calories than you expend
What is metabolism?
chemical process by which your body breaks down food to release energy
What are the 6 basic nutrients?
fats, protein, carbs, water, vitamins, minerals
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