How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Medical Terminology Chapter 7 Test

STUDY
PLAY
thoracic cavity
Which structure surrounds and protects all of the structures within the chest?
hyperventilation
Abnormally rapid deep breathing, resulting in decreased levels of carbon dioxide at the cellular level is known as _____________________
edema
An accumulation of fluid in lung tissues is known as pulmonary ____________________.
asphyxiation
Also known as suffocation.
anoxia
Which condition is the absence, or almost complete absence, of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues?
emphysema
Progressive loss of lung function due a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and then the progressive destruction of their walls.
bronchorrhea
Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi.
pharyngotomy
Which procedure is a surgical incision of the pharynx?
ventilator
Which respiratory therapy is used to temporarily replace or supplement the patient's natural breathing function?
pulmonologist
A specialist in disorders of the lungs and associated tissues is a/an ____________________.
sputum
Phlegm ejected through the mouth is called ____________________.
tracheotomy
An emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage is known as a/an ____________________.
fibrosis
The formation of scar tissue that replaces the pulmonary alveolar walls is known as pulmonary ____________________.
cystic fibrosis
Genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large amounts of abnormally thick mucus.
apnea
Which condition is the absence of spontaneous respiration?
aspiration pneumonia
Inflammation of the lungs and airways to the lungs (bronchial tubes) from breathing in foreign material.
epistaxis
The medical term for the condition commonly known as a nosebleed is ____________________.
asthma
Which is the proper spelling of the name of the allergic disorder characterized by episodes of wheezing?
mediastinum
What region of the chest contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, and thymus?
pharyngotomy
A surgical incision into the pharynx is known as a ____.
pleurisy
An inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath
laryngectomy
The surgical removal of the larynx is known as a/an ____________________.
pleural effusion
Which condition is the abnormal escape of fluid into the pleural cavity?
bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchial walls.
bronchoconstrictor
Narrows the opening of the passages into the lungs.
bronchodilator
Expands the opening of the passages into the lungs.
bronchorrhagia
Bleeding from the bronchi.
bronchorrhea
Excessive flow of mucus from the bronchi.
apnea
A potentially lethal condition in which breathing recurrently stops during sleep is known as sleep ____________________.
emphysema
The progressive loss of lung function due a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and the progressive destruction of their walls is known as ____________________.
pneumonectomy
The surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
pharynx
Which structure carries both food and air?
pharyngoplasty
The surgical repair of the pharynx is known as a/an ____________________.
laryngorrhagia
Bleeding from the larynx.
pleural space
Which tissue or structure contains a watery lubricating fluid?
hemoptysis
Spitting of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
endotracheal intubation
The passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish an airway.
bronchoscopy
A diagnostic test that records the volume of air inhaled or exhaled.
atel/o
Word part: incomplete.
cyan/o
Word part: blue.
ectasis
Word part: stretching.
phon/o
Word part: voice.
pnea
Word part: breathing.
dyspnea
Difficult of labored breathing.
eupnea
Normal breathing.
hyperpnea
Abnormally deep respiration.
hypopnea
Shallow respiration.
tachypnea
Abnormally rapid respiration.
hypoxia
The condition of subnormal oxygen levels in the cells is known as ____________________.
one inhalation and one expiration
Which of the following is counted as a single respiration?