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19 terms

Poetry Vocab Set II

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English Quatrain
consists of four lines stanzas with lines of iambic pentameter rhyming abab
Short Couplets
couplets with a meter of iambic tetrameter
Ballad Stanza
alternating lines of tetrameter and trimeter in any foot, rhyming abcb or abab
Narrative Poetry
poetry whose main function is to tell a story. Like fiction, narrative poems have plots, characters, setting, and point-of-view.
Epic
a long narrative poem about the exploits of a hero
Folk Epics
(Illiad, Beowulf) were originally intended for public recitation and existed in oral form for a long period of time b/f transcribed. Little or nothing is known about the authors of folk epics
Literary Epics
(Dante's Inferno) differ from folk epics in that they are products of known authors who wrote their poems for publication
Ballads
generally are shorter narratives with song-like qualities that often include rhyme and repeated refrains
Folk ballads
like folk epics, come from oral tradition and are anonymously authored
Euphony
a series of pleasant sounds
Cacophony
a series of unpleasant sounds
Dithyrambic poetry
composed to be chanted at religious rituals by a chorus /sometimes described as "dramatic poetry" / persona is an invented character not to be indentified with the poetry. Presented as a speech or dialogue that might be acted out
Archaisms
words that are no longer commonly used
Coinage/neologism
a word made up by a poet
Syntax
the order of words in a sentence
Etymology
the study of the sources of words
Epigram
a short, satirical lyric usually aimed at a specific person
Elegy
a lyric on the occasion of a death
Ode
a long lyric in elevated language on a serious theme