Terms in this set (47)
(1) design (2) recording (3) editing (4) mixing
what are the four stages of sound production
creating the sound for a film
false. Most sounds are constructed during post production recording
true or false? most film sounds are constructed during the production phase.
the group that generates and controls a movie's sound physically, manipulating its properties to produce the effects that the director desires.
a separate recording tape occupied by one specific type of sound recorded for a movie (one track for vocals, one for sound effects, one for music, ect...)
a means of storing recorded sound, made possible by computer technology, in which each sound wave is represented by combinations of the numbers 0 to 1. Offers greater flexibility in recording, editing, and mixing.
a pole like mic held out of view of camera for recording
standard technique of recording film sound on a medium separate from the picture
synchronized picture/sound work prints of a day's shooting that can be studied by the editor, director, ect..
any footage that will not be used
also know as looping or dubbing. The replacing of dialogue, which can be done manually or, more likely today, through computerized automatic dialogue replacement
automatic dialogue replacement (ADR)
rerecording done via computer--a faster, less expensive, and more technically sophisticated process than rerecording that is done with actors
the process of combining different sound tracks onto one composite sound track synchronous with the picture
perceptual characteristics (pitch, loudness, quality, and fidelity); source; type (vocal, environmental, music, silence)
what are the three ways of describing a sound
level of the sound defined by frequency (speed)
volume or intensity of the sound determined by amplitude
those characteristics that enable us to distinguish sounds that have the same pitch and loudness. determined by harmonic content
a sound's faithfulness or unfaithfulness to its source
the location form which a sound orgininates
sound originating from a source within a film's world
sound that comes from a source outside the world of the film
sound that emanates from a source that we can see
sound which can be either diegetic or non-diegetic and derives from a source that we do not see
sound that is diegetic and occurs onscreen.
sound that has previously been established in the movie and replays for some narrative or expressive purpose. Often occur when a character has a mental flashback to an earlier voice that recalls a conversation, or to a sound that identifies a place, event, or other significant element of the narrative.
sound that comes from a source apparent in the image but that is not precisely matched temporally with the actions occurring in that image
a form of diegetic sound in which we hear the thoughts of a character we see onscreen and assume that other characters cannot hear them.
one variation on the mental, subjective point of view of an individual character that allows us to see a character and hear that character's thoughts (in his or her own voice, even though the character's lips don't move).
a form of diegetic sound that comes from a place within the world of the story, which we and the characters in the scene hear but do not see.
the speech of characters who are either visible on-screen or speaking off-screen
the commentary spoken by either off-screen or on-screen voices
sound that emanates from the background of the setting or environment being filmed
all sounds artificially created fro the sound track that have a definite function in telling the story.
Jack Foley, Foley sound
originated by ____, a sound created and recorded in sync with the picture and created specifically for the movie
true or false? silence can be considered a sound within a film.
(1) audience awareness
(2) audience expectation
(3) expression of Point of view
what are the functions of film sound
a ____ of sounds is a mix that ideally includes multiple sources of diverse quality, levels, and placements and usually moves as rapidly as a ___ of images
carries the sound from a first shot over to the next before the sound of the second shot begins
a sound unifying two shots in time and space
(2) add emotional meaning
(3) serving as background filler
(4) emphasizing climaxes
(5) creating continuity
what are the five functions of music?
a term emphasizing how the image and sound can be in unison
when film music directly mimics action on screen
the music compliments the image to make a mood or general theme
organization of sounds in environment to facilitate understanding (for example, we usually must hear what the characters are saying)
sounds that force us to notice something significant that is happening on screen
sound recorded during recording, usually dialouge
sounds added after the fact