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25 terms

APUSH us history important court cases

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Bakke v. California
(1978) Ruled that a university's use of racial "quotas" in its admissions process was unconstitutional, but a school's use of "affirmative action" to accept more minority applicants was constitutional in some circumstances.
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place
Charles River Bridge vs. Warren Bridge
1837: Taney ruled no charter given to a private company had the right to harm the public interest. Rights of a community supersede the rights of a private corporation; Jacksonian Era
Commonwealth v. Hunt
(1842) a landmark ruling of the MA Supreme Court establishing the legality of labor unions and the legality of union workers striking if an employer hired non-union workers.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
(1819)(New hamp. tried to take over a college by revising a charter)charters are protected under the contract clause of the U.S. constitution(marshall)
Dred Scott v. Sanford
The case that ruled that slaves were property and could not sue
Ex parte Milligan
The court ruled that military tribunals could not try civilians in areas where civil courts were open, even during wartime (and suspension of Habeus Corpus)
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Gideon v. Wainwright
A person who cannot afford an attorney may have one appointed by the government
In re Debs
Supreme Court approved use of court injunctions against strikes which gave employers a very powerful weapon to break unions
Korematsu v. U.S.
The court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War 2.
Marbury v. Madison
Judicial Review
McColloch v. Maryland
When Maryland tried to destroy a branch of the US Bank by taxing it, Marshall, in this court case:
1- Strengthened federal authority
2- Allowed for "loose construction" of the constitution
Miranda v. Arizona
Right to remain silent
Muller v. Oregon
Upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health.
Munn v. Illinois
1876; The Supreme Court upheld the Granger laws. The Munn case allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads, and is commonly regarded as a milestone in the growth of federal government regulation.
Plessy v. Ferguson
Upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal."
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States
Overturned elements of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) of 1933. (of price and wage fixing, sale of sick chickens, maximum work hours and a right of unions to organize.)
Schenck v. U.S.
Upheld the Espionage Act of 1917, and disallowed freedom of speech against the draft for WWI
U.S. v. E.C. Knight
Also known as the "'Sugar Trust Case,'" was a United States Supreme Court case that limited the government's power to control monopolies. The case was the first heard by the Supreme Court concerning the Sherman Antitrust Act.
United States v. Richard M. Nixon
Supreme Court case that ruled unanimously that the president must relinquish the Watergate Tapes. The tapes revealed concrete evidence of Nixon's involvement
Wabash Case
Disallowed states from regulating interstate commerce. This 1886 case overturned the earlier Munn vs. Illinois case. (Farmers responded to this case with increased political organizing, and Congress responded by creating the first real business regulatory body: the Interstate Commerce Commission.)
Worcester v. Georgia
Held that the Georgia's prohibiting non-Indians from being present on Indian lands without a license from the state was unconstitutional.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
When an Indian Tribe demanded the Supreme Court recognize their sovereignty, the US supreme court denied them recognition and claimed jurisdiction over their affairs.