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Govt./Organization in Mohenjo Daro
Citadel/Granary/System of Weights/Organized streets and housing/sewer system
Indo-Europeans who migrated into the Indus Valley and brought elements of what would be Hinduism
Four collections of sacred writings produced by the Aryans during an early stage of their settlement in India
Animal revered in India and provider of dairy products, manure (for farming or fuel) and leather
The four major social divisions in India's caste system: the Brahmin priest class, the Kshatriya warrior/administrator class, the Vaishya merchant/farmer class, and the Shudra laborer class.
Highly organized and rigid social class system in which people are expected to stay within their own social group
A system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind
Hindu name for a supreme power, or a divine force, which is greater than all other deities (gods).
Sheltered prince of India that wondered beyond the castle walls and saw suffering - became The Buddha
"Awakened one." Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have experienced enlightenment but, motivated by compassion, stop short of entering nirvana so as to help others achieve it.
Practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts such as possessions, fine clothes, money and shelter
Basic Buddhist teaching of the Eightfold Path; it advises people to live in moderation,and avoid the extremes of either comfort or discomfort in the search for nirvana
Four Noble Truths
The central teachings of Buddhism: to live is to suffer, suffering is caused by desire, the end of suffering can be achieved,and the solution is the Noble Eightfold Path.
The Hindu or Buddhist belief that a person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
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