Mr. Weed's 6th Grade Gifted Semester Exam #1 Study Guide (2015-2016)
Terms in this set (99)
A word that describes a noun; it tells how many, what kind, or what color
A word that is used to describe a verb; it describes when, where, or how an action occurred; it usually ends in the letters "ly"
A punctuation mark used to show possession/ownership or to make a contraction
Possession: Mr. Weed's
Article (Part of Speech)
a special word that goes before a noun; they include: a, an, the
A nonfiction piece of informational text
The writer of a piece of text
To reference information that comes
from the text; to cite directly, use a direct quote; to paraphrase, summarize the text in your own words
A group of words that contains a subject and predicate but does not have ending punctuation
Common examples include:
The highest point of action in a story; it is the turning point
a punctuation mark that is used before a list; it is also used in representing time
a punctuation mark that is used to join clauses together, or to separate items in a series (three or more)
A sentence that combines a main clause and a dependent clause (with WABBITS); When the dependent clause (with WABBITS) comes before the main clause a comma is needed to separate the two clauses; when the main clause comes before the dependent clause (with WABBITS) no comma is needed
Example #1: If you like studying, you will like the exam.
Example #2: You will like the exam if you like studying.
When a simple sentence has two or more predicates "shared" by a subject
Example: I will study and review for the exam.
A sentence that combines two independent clauses (simple sentences) by using a comma and FANBOY or a semicolon
Example #1: I like ice cream, but he hates it.
Example #2: I like ice cream; he hates it.
When a simple sentence has two or more subjects that "share a predicate
Example: John and Sally love semester exams.
A problem in a story; they include the external conflicts: person vs. person, person vs. society, person vs. nature, person vs. fate, person vs. technology, and the internal conflict: person vs. self
A word that is used to join ideas or clauses together; they include the FANBOYS and WABBITS
details and information that helps the reader to determine the meaning
Example: Context Clues can help a reader to identify the meaning of an unfamiliar word.
A word that is made by combining two words and replacing the missing letters with an apostrophe
Example: can't = can not
A sentence that makes a statement; it can be fact or opinion; it ends with a period
A clause (with WABBITS) that cannot stand alone as a simple sentence in a complex sentence; it must be attached to a main clause in order to make sense
citing the text word-for-word; it is in quotation marks
writing; drafts can be first drafts, revised drafts, or final drafts.
Writing that has a script; they include: plays, teleplays, and screenplays
to make corrections to spelling, grammar, punctuation, or capitalization
When the rhyming words come at the ends of different lines in a poem
Rose are red
Violets are blue
I lost my head
inside of my shoe
a punctuation mark that shows great excitement or emotion
A sentence that shows great emotion or excitement; it ends with an exclamation point
The characters (protagonist, antagonist, and supporting), setting (time, place) and conflict in a story.
The sequence in order of actions the fall from the climax and end with the resolution
Coordinating Conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
literature that is not true
Words that are used in an imaginative way to express ideas that are not literally true; they are used for comparison, emphasis, and emotional effect; they include: simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification, and idioms.
An interruption of the action to present events that took place at an earlier time; it provides information that can help a reader better understand a character's current situation
poetry without regular patterns of rhyme or rhythm
Titles that divide informational texts into separate pieces related to specific main or central ideas.
A type of figurative language that is a an extreme (impossible) exaggeration
Thoughts, notions, etc.
A type of figurative language that cannot be taken literally; the meaning must be inferred
Words chosen to appeal to one of the reader's five senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, or touch.
A sentence that gives a command or makes a request
A clause that could stand on its own as a simple sentence if it began with a capital letter and had ending punctuation ( . ? ! )
To make a logical prediction/conclusion based upon both prior knowledge and information/details in the text
A word the is meant to grab attention; it stands alone and ends with an exclamation point ( ! )
When the rhyming words are contained in a single line of the poem
example: the fat cat ate the rat
A sentence that asks a question; it demands an answer; it ends with a question mark
Writing in any of the follloeing genres: fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama
one piece of numbered text in writing that extends from the left to the right; in the text, each 5th line is numbered (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, etc.)
The clause the could be a simple sentence in a complex sentence--does not contain WABBITS
Main Idea/ Central Idea
The most important idea about a topic that the writer or speaker conveys (communicates) which is supported by details; it can be the central idea of the entire work or just a single paragraph or section; the main idea of paragraph is expressed in the topic sentence; sometimes, like in a narrative, the main idea must be inferred--it is not stated directly
A type of figurative language that is a comparison between two unlike things; it does not use "like" or "as"
In poetry, the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables which add to the rhythm
The feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader; descriptive words, imagery, and figurative language all influence the mood of the work
A poem that tells a story; it contains the following: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution; it may also contain: rhyme, rhythm, imagery, and figurative language
a word that is a person, place, thing, or idea; nouns can be singular (one) or plural (more than one); when nouns can be proper (specific people, specific places, specific things, specific ideas), they begin with capital letters: nouns can be concrete (something you can see, touch, smell, taste, or feel) or abstract (an idea)
A group of sentences containing a topic sentence, several supporting sentences, and a conclusion sentence.
To cite the text by summarizing; putting the text into your own words
Parts of Speech
They include: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, articles, conjunctions, and interjections
a punctuation mark that ends a statement
A group of words that does not have a subject, a predicate, or is missing both
A type of figurative language that describes a nonhuman object as if having human characteristics, abilities, qualities, or traits
to organize; in writing, it can include the use of a graphic organizer or outline
A type of literature in which words are carefully chosen an arranged to create certain effects and a variety of sound devices, imagery, and figurative language to express emotions and ideas.
the "action" or "state of being" in a sentence; it is a verb
*Remember the following are all verbs:
be = was, were, am, are, is will be
have = had, have, has, will have
do = did, do, does, will do
A word that is used to show the relationship of a noun, proper noun, or pronoun in the subject to a noun in the predicate
A word that takes the place of a noun or proper noun; they include the following:
Used as subjects: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
Used as objects: me, you, him, her, it, us, them
Used to show Possession: my, your, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
The word that a pronoun replaces; it a pronoun is used, and there no antecedent, the pronoun is "unclear"
Example "clear" antecedent: John went to the store, and he bought cheese.
Example "unclear" antecedent: He went to the store, and John bought cheese. (is he John or someone else?)
a punctuation mark that ends a question
a punctuation mark used for dialogue (characters speaking) or for a direct quote (citing word-for-word from a text)
to identify important or helpful information
to have a connection to something else
The end of the story; it ties up all of the loose ends
to show or make obvious
Making necessary changes by adding, removing, or rephrasing information
The repetition of sounds at the ends of words
A pattern of rhyme in a poem found at the ends of each line; each rhyme can be assigned a letter (A, B, C, etc.) to help identify the pattern
A musical quality created by the alteration of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry; poets us this to emphasize ideas and create moods
The sequence in order of actions rising from the exposition and leading to the climax in a story.
a specific part of action in a drama or narrative
a punctuation mark used to join clause together
A group of words that has a subject, a predicate, begins with a capital letter, and ending punctuation ( . ? ! ); sentences can be declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, or imperative
Additional information set in a box alongside or within a news or feature article. Magazines often make use of sidebars.
a type of figurative language that is a comparison between two unlike things using the words "like" or "as"
Words that have been chosen for the sounds they make, including: alliteration, assonance, meter, rhyme, and rhythm.
A "chunk" of a poem; it is separated from the rest of the poem by blank lines
The message about life or human nature in a text
To review something by analyzing and mastering the details
A set of details that should be reviewed for mastery
"who" or "what" a sentence is about; it is a noun, proper noun, or pronoun
to give an option
Example: supporting sentence are additional details that help the topic sentence
A person, a place, an object, an animal, or an activity that stands for something that is beyond itself
Example: the American flag
A term or word that is not common vocabulary; it has a specific meaning related to science or technology
The name of a piece of text; it is related to the theme or main idea
A word that represents an action or state of being
Subordinating conjunctions: when, where, while, after, although, before, because, if, those, since