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Chapter 3 Mastery Flashcards

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Selective attention is best illustrated by which of the following?
change blindness, inattentional blindness, and cocktail party effect
Drivers detect traffic signals more slowly if they are also conversing on a cell phone. This best illustrates the impact of:
selective attention
Without fail, when you are talking to your best friend about something important, she continues to check her PDA and watch for people she knows. Nevertheless, she seems able to listen attentively and respond appropriately to what you are saying. This type of behavior is evidence of:
parallel processing
Bright light effects our feelings of sleepiness by increasing or decreasing the production of:
melatonin
The sleep cycle repeats itself about every ___ minutes. By morning, about ___ minutes have been in REM sleep.
90; 100
Vivid dreams occur during this recurring sleep stage, also known as paradoxical sleep.
REM sleep
Who demonstrated that, under hypnosis, a person could be induced to perform an apparently dangerous act?
Orne and Evans
Your best friend is going to have a baby in two months and has invited you to attend the home birth. She has asked if you think a hypnotic suggestion will help alleviate the pain of childbirth. You tell her:
yes, because hypnosis can help to disassociate the sensation of pain from emotional suffering
____________ suggest(s) that hypnosis is an extension both of normal principles of social influence and of everyday dissociations between our conscious awareness and our autonomic behaviors.
Kihlstrom and McConkey
Neuroadaptation is most likely to contribute to which of the following?
drug tolerance
Cocaine is powerful stimulant that can produce increased levels of aggressive behavior. A research team interested in studying this effect hypothesizes that participants who are given cocaine will show higher levels of aggression than participants who are not given cocaine. In the experiment, which of the following findings would support their hypothesis?
Men who were given cocaine were MORE likely to punish a pseudo-participant
Alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates calm neural activity and slow body functions. They belong to this category of psychoactive drugs:
depressants