Get ahead with a $300 test prep scholarship
| Enter to win by Tuesday 9/24
Science Quiz Chapter 7 Section 3 & 4
Terms in this set (47)
The theory that Earth is divided into plates that move around is _____.
The place where tectonic plates touch is known as the ____.
What is NOT a type of tectonic plate boundary?
The three ways that tectonic plates can move relative to each other are ___.
collide, separate and slide
When two plates with continental crust collide, what happens to the continental crust?
The continental crust gets pushed upward
Boundary formed when tectonic plates collide?
Boundary formed when tectonic plates separate?
Boundary formed when tectonic plates slide past horizontally?
Which type of boundary produces strike-slip faults?
Which type of boundary produces earthquakes?
all three boundaries can cause earthquakes
When rock is heated, it becomes less dense and tends to ____.
When rock cools, it becomes more dense and rends to ___.
sink below the surface
Density changes in the asthenosphere are caused by the flow of ____ energy from deep within the Earth.
Plate motion due to higher density __.
Plate motion due to gravity ___.
Plate motion due to heating and cooling of rocks ____.
How fast do tectonic plates move?
centimeters per year
What do scientists use to measure the rate of tectonic plate movement?
the global positioning system
What is the amount of force placed on a given material called?
The process by which the shape of a rock changes because of stress?
When stress squeezes an object it is called?
When stress stretches an object it is called?
What can form when compression squeezes rocks at a convergent place boundary?
a mountain range can form
What type of stress occurs at a divergent plate boundary?
The bending of rock layers due to stress is known as ___.
A fold where both ends of the rock layer are horizontal?
A downward, troughlike fold in a rock layer?
An upward arching fold in a rock layer?
When rock layers break, the resulting surface they break and slide on is a ___.
When tension pulls rocks apart, it creates a __.
When compression pushes rocks together it creates a _____.
When opposing forces cause rock to break and move horizontally ____.
When a fault is not vertical, a hanging wall and a _____ are formed.
The hanging wall moves down relative to the footwall in a ____.
The hanging wall moves up relative to the footwall in a ____.
When tectonic plates collide, folds and faults can become ___.
What kind of mountain range is formed when rock layers are squeezed?
What kind of mountain range is formed when tension causes large blocks of crust to drop down?
What kind of mountain is formed when magma rises to the surface and erupts?
Ring of Fire
The rising of Earth's crust to higher elevations is called?
The sinking of regions of the Earth's crust to lower elevations is called?
When the Earth's crust slowly springs back to its original elevation, it is called?
What happens to the ocean floor the farther the oceanic lithosphere is from a mid-ocean ridge?
The cooler and denser it becomes and it subsides
A set of cracks that form when two tectonic plates are pulling away from each other is known as a ___.