Music Exam 2
Terms in this set (17)
The principal plucked chordophone used in the Arab world. It has a short neck and a large body with a rounded back, sometimes described as "half an egg". It can have up to three sound holes carved into the flat sound board, wich supports the bridge and the strings. A plectrum, or a pick, sometimes made of an eagle feather, is used to pluck the strings. (has a total of 10 strings that are paired... 5 strings.). A lute.
Chordophone often heard in Middle Eastern music, which has a trapezoidal shape and twenty-six courses (sets) of three strings each. The qanun player attaches a plectrum (a small piece of hard material, such as a horn, shell, or plastic, used to pluck a string instrument) to the index finger of each hand to produce music with a heterophonic texture. A trapezoidal zither (a chordophone without a neck or yoke whose strings are stretched parallel to the soundboard.)
An end blown notch flute. It is played from the side of the mouth and held at an oblique angle. It is the only aerophone commonly found in classical ensembles.
Trapezoidal hammered zither. Strings are stretched over bridges with multiple strings per note and struck small wooden mallets.
Is a two-stringed bowed musical instrument, more specifically a spike fiddle. Sometimes known as the Chinese violin, or a Chinese two-stringed fiddle.
A stringed musical instrument shared by various cultures in Eastern Mediterranean and Central Asia.
A flatted-third scale step commonly used in the blues.
A rhythmic effect that provides an unexpected accent, often by temporarily unsettling the meter through a change in the established pattern of stressed and unstressed beats.
Instrumental laments played at a slow tempo
Word meaning "adoration" or "praise". Specifically a Syrian Jewish Hymn from Arab.
Creating new song by replacing text of one song with new words, while keeping the same melody.
Is found at the beginning of the song. In Arab vocal music. Is and improvisation that introduces a song and which serves to establish the maqam used in the rest of the piece
A three part Arab form held any evening except the Sabbath. Celebrates anniversaries, birthdays, etc.
Aerophone. Has multiple pipes each with a single reed connected to an air chamber. The player blows into and suck air through the thing, like a harmonica. Melodies are usually played in parallel fourth or fifth, thickening the texture.
Plucked zither, on a table across the lap. A curved board zither with approximately twenty-one metal or nylon strings. The strings are supported by intermediate bridges that can be moved to tuned the strings to the desired mode. Plectra are taped to three fingers of the player's right hand ant he left had effects pitch bends and vibratos by pressing down on the string behind the bridge.
a trapezoidal hammered box zither. The strings are stuck with light and thin bamboo sticks aka hammers.
Four stringed pear shaped lute held nearly upright. The sound body is solid (not hollow) and made from a single piece of wood. This gives it a bright and dry timbre. The frits are raised high above the finger board so that it is possible to obtain both fixed pitches and sizable pitch bends. Plectra(picks) were used when the instrument first appeared in China. Today they used fake fingernails.
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