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100 terms

第二阶段 Word List 5

STUDY
PLAY
audition
the ability to hear
deplete
use up (resources or materials)
aspiration
a will to succeed
evolution
a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
coercion
the act of compelling by force of authority
destructive
causing destruction or much damage
vitalize
give life to
historical
belonging to the past
auxiliary
someone who acts as assistant
analyze
subject to psychoanalytic treatment
altitude
elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface
evaporate
lose or cause to lose liquid by vaporization leaving a more concentrated residue
diverse
many and different
accomplish
put in effect
passive
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
logical
marked by an orderly, logical, and aesthetically consistent relation of parts
flux
become liquid or fluid when heated
immigrate
come into a new country and change residency
impact
the striking of one body against another
epidemic
a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease
innumerable
too numerous to be counted
fidelity
the quality of being faithful
possessive
desirous of owning
species
a specific kind of something
decorous
characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste in manners and conduct
precise
sharply exact or accurate or delimited
memorize
commit to memory
seclude
keep away from others
congenital
present at birth but not necessarily hereditary
sensation
the faculty through which the external world is apprehended
eliminate
eliminate from the body
mask
activity that tries to conceal something
dejected
affected or marked by low spirits
telescope
a magnifier of images of distant objects
ornate
rich in decorative detail
feast
an elaborate party (often outdoors)
dubious
open to doubt or suspicion
perceive
to become aware of through the senses
cue
an actor's line that immediately precedes and serves as a reminder for some action or speech
resemblance
similarity in appearance or external or superficial details
permanent
continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place
generalize
become systemic and spread throughout the body
alienate
arouse hostility or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness
acumen
shrewdness shown by keen insight
patriotism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
enlighten
give spiritual insight to
omission
neglecting to do something
nationality
the status of belonging to a particular nation by birth or naturalization
predominant
most frequent or common
reactionary
extremely conservative
exotic
strikingly strange or unusual
preservation
a process that saves organic substances from decay
obligate
force or compel somebody to do something
rotary
electrical converter consisting of a synchronous machine that converts alternating to direct current or vice versa
query
an instance of questioning
radiance
the quality of being bright and sending out rays of light
quip
a witty saying
slogan
a favorite saying of a sect or political group
recruit
cause to assemble or enlist in the military
liable
held legally responsible
characterize
describe or portray the character or the qualities or peculiarities of
alacrity
liveliness and eagerness
caricature
a representation of a person that is exaggerated for comic effect
indebted
owing something, usually thanks
advocate
a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
eradicate
destroy completely, as if down to the roots
potion
a medicinal or magical or poisonous beverage
commodious
large and roomy ('convenient' is archaic in this sense)
interrogate
pose a series of questions to
paralysis
loss of the ability to move a body part
dearth
an acute insufficiency
elevated
raised above the ground
version
manual turning of a fetus in the uterus (usually to aid delivery)
aberration
a state or condition markedly different from the norm
provoke
provide the needed stimulus for
conservative
a person who has conservative ideas or opinions
alternative
one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
symmetry
(physics) the property of being isotropic
meager
deficient in amount or quality or extent
wrangle
an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining)
ethnic
denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people
destination
the ultimate goal for which something is done
insensible
unresponsive to stimulation
conscientious
characterized by extreme care and great effort
cadence
a recurrent rhythmical series
artistic
satisfying aesthetic standards and sensibilities
nominee
a politician who is running for public office
pollute
make impure
brooch
a decorative pin worn by women
imperceptive
unobservant, inattentive
illegible
(of handwriting, print, etc.) not legible
landmark
an anatomical structure used as a point of origin in locating other anatomical structures (as in surgery) or as point from which measurements can be taken
gustatory
of or relating to gustation
expository
serving to expound or set fourth
detached
showing lack of emotional involvement
material
artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
invasive
gradually intrusive without right or permission
impassable
impossible to pass
mourn
feel sadness
check
verify by consulting a source or authority