Upgrade to remove ads
Psych Final Exam
Terms in this set (75)
Which of the following is the best example of deindividuation?
Torrie honks her horn loudly for quite a while because she has little
chance of being personally identified.
In one of the earliest social psychological experiments to be conducted, Norman Triplett
examined the records of teams of cyclists. He found that cyclists who raced against each
other ____ than those who raced alone (against the clock).
cycled more quickly
Suppose that Office Building X makes use of an open floor plan with many shared spaces
(rather than cubicles or offices). This kind of floor plan is likely to increase productivity
among some employees but decrease productivity among others. Of the people below, who is
likely to suffer most?
Tom, a copy machine operator
Which of the following is one of the three processes upon which social facilitation
activation, evaluation, and attention theories
Given Max Ringlemann's early research looking at group size and individual effort, should
we expect Student X to put in a different amount of effort depending on whether she worked
on a history project in a five-person group or a two-person group?
Yes, the more people the less effort
We should expect social loafing to be greatly reduced when ____.
people are held accountable for their inputs
When people are in a group situation in which they feel deindividuated, they are most likely
to behave badly when ____.
they feel anonymous to outsiders who may be watching them.
Suppose that you are working on a group project with four other people, and that you need to
come up with ideas about how to find research participants to complete a survey for free.
Should you brainstorm ideas as a group or work independently?
It depends on your goals—brainstorming will be less productive, but will raise morale more.
Which of the following best describes the condition(s) essential to the "wisdom of crowds"
A group is especially prone to develop groupthink if ____.
there is a strong directive group leader
Which of the following is NOT one of the symptoms of groupthink?
People who play "devil's advocate" and argue against their usual point of view
The term group polarization refers to a phenomenon whereby ____.
groups tend to make more extreme decisions than individuals do (whether extremely risky or "extremely something else").
Which of the following is an example of group polarization?
A political committee tends to make more extreme decisions than any of its individual members would alone
Research suggests that, at least in business, the two traits that characterize successful leaders
B) modestly/humbleness and persistence/resolve.
A high quality leader must be ____.
A positive, future-focus goal and constancy of effort
The fact that violence and aggression appear to be decreasing over time are consistent with
which of the following themes of the book?
nature says yes, culture says no
Tina watches a film in which the main character aggressively yells at his mother when he
doesn't get what he wants. Later that day, Tina yells at her own mother in a similar way after
failing to get something she wants. The process at play here, according to social learning
theorists, is ____.
Which of the following is a well-known program of aggression research based on the social
Albert Bandura's "Bobo doll" research
What does the text conclude about the human "instinct" for aggression?
Humans do seem to have an instinct for aggression, but, in general, culture tends to curb that instinct and reduce aggression
What do most experts today say about the frustration-aggression hypothesis?
Most agree that frustration and aggression are strongly linked, but most disagree with the idea that one always involves the other.
Angry moods tend to lead to increased aggression because ____.
angry people believe lashing out will improve their mood
Just as Evelyn reached the bus stop, her bus pulled away. "I knew it," she muttered to herself,
"the bus driver hates me." Just as she reached the lobby at work, the elevator doors were
closing. "My co-workers probably saw me but let the doors close anyway," she thought.
Later that day, she encountered some problems with her computer. "I bet someone was
messing with my computer," she thought, "probably trying to make me screw up and look
bad. Grrr." Based on these incidents, it appears that Evelyn has a ____.
hostile attribution bias
Research on sexually coercive men (men who commit date rapes or stranger rapes) suggests
that these men ____.
have a strong sexual motivation and place a high value on sexual conquests
The weapons effect refers to ____.
the tendency for the mere presence of a weapon to increase aggression
Your text argues that violent video games are ____ than violent television.
more likely to promote aggression
In Donnerstein and Berkowitz's (1981) study, men watched different types of films and then
were insulted by a confederate who was either male or female. When they were later given
the chance to retaliate to the confederate, men who had watched a violent sexual film clip of
a man raping a woman were ____.
more aggressive than men who had not viewed the rape scene, especially if the confederate was the female provoker
If you are a naturally aggressive person, then you ____. If you win a competitive game, then
When it comes to paying their bills, eating a healthy diet, obeying traffic laws, showing up
on time for work, and other mundane life tasks, people who are habitually aggressive ____.
tend to show much lower levels of self-control than people who aren't (e.g., tending to pay bills late).
The text uses the case of the Columbine shootings to illustrate the fact that ____.
violent people tend to have narcissistic personality traits.
Research on the factors that increase aggression (e.g., alcohol, exposure to violent media, and
narcissistic personality tendencies) suggests that such factors only increase aggression
when people are provoked or frustrated
Research has demonstrated that being relatively sociable and having close friends is ____
with developing colds and flu.
is negatively correlated
According to social psychological research, which of the following adages is truer,
"opposites attract" or "birds of a feather flock together"?
"Birds of a feather flock together."
According to the textbook, the tendency for people to be attracted to others who are similar
to them (rather than different from them) is probably ____. while the value that people place on diversity and difference is probably __________.
social rather than cultural, cultural rather than social
Giving praise to another person you want to like you is ____.
generally a good strategy, so long as you do not appear sincere.
Why does unrequited love make someone feel burdened?
The reciprocity norm
In a well-known study conducted in the 1950s, social psychologist Leon Festinger and
colleagues analyzed the friendship patterns among graduate students living in one of the
dormitories at MIT. Festinger et al.'s results were most consistent with the ____.
Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding the preferences that people
show for physically attractive people?
Adults, children, and even babies seem to show such preferences across a variety of circumstances.
Research on physical attractiveness indicates that people with ____ faces tend to be
perceived as more attractive than others.
symmetric and typical-looking
Anya, a high school student, finally musters up to courage to say hello to a group of "cool"
kids at school. Suppose that these kids completely reject her by snubbing her greeting and
then laughing at her as she walks by. In the immediate aftermath of this social rejection,
Anya goes straight in to her geometry class, where she finds that there is a pop quiz. She is
most likely to ____.
People who experience social rejection tend to eat more unhealthy foods—ice cream,
cookies, and French fries—compared to those that don't. Research suggests that this is
mainly because social rejection triggers ____.
Based on the social psychological definition of loneliness, it can be assumed that people are
lonely if they ____.
Consider the research regarding the relationships people have with large groups or
organizations (e.g., people's ties with their universities or workplaces). Can such
relationships "stand in" for interpersonal relationships, such that people with these types of
relationships (but no interpersonal relationships) are not necessarily lonely?
Suppose that Wanda, Edgar, and Sue are three lonely individuals who all cope with their
loneliness in various ways. Wanda has a large greenhouse with numerous plants, and she
talks with her plants every morning as though they were close friends. Edgar, by contrast,
strongly identifies with his favorite sports teams, and comes to think of his attachments to
these teams as relationships. Finally, Sue copes with her loneliness by watching several
situation comedies, where she thinks of the characters on these shows as her "friends." Which
of these strategies is likely to be effective at alleviating loneliness?
The following scenario is not uncommon: Several people are waiting at a crosswalk, one of
them decides to cross despite a red signal, and—once that happens—everyone else does the
same. This is an example not just of conformity, but also of ____.
Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding gender differences in the
experience of unrequited love and stalking?
Men are slightly more likely than women to experience unrequited love, but women are disproportionately likely to be the victims of stalking.
While ____ love may be the most effective for starting relationships, ____ love may be the
most effective for sustaining them in the long term.
Sternberg's triangular theory of love is a theory about ____.
three different ingredients, or factors, that are present in varying degrees in different love relationships
Using Sternberg's triangular theory of love as a framework, companionate love might be best
described as consisting of ____.
intimacy and commitment
Which of the following is one of the key, defining distinctions between exchange
relationships and communal relationships?
degree to which people in the relationship keep track of who does what
When it comes to close interpersonal relations, ____ relationships tend to be more mature,
and more indicative of long-term success, than ____ relationships.
In recent formulations of attachment theory, researchers have suggested that there are two
dimensions involved in attachments. These are ____.
avoidance and anxiety
Research on long-term relationships indicates that people tend to perceive that their
relationship satisfaction is ____ year after year, when in reality, their relationship satisfaction
is ____ across time.
The so-called "investment model" is a model that seeks to explain why people stay with their
long-term relationship partners. This model identifies three key factors, namely ____.
satisfaction, alternatives, and investments
Research by Murray and Holmes suggests that people who ____ their partner's bad points
and ____ their partner's good points have the happiest relationships.
The authors of the text suggest that in general, people today might have more successful
long-term relationships if they ____.
Recall the textbook's discussion of evolutionary theory with respect to male and female
mating strategies. According to that discussion, women are more likely than men to ____.
be selective when choosing mates
While highly educated women tend to have very different sexual lives than less educated
women, and highly religious women tend to have very different sexual lives than
nonreligious women, the corresponding differences for men are much smaller. This is
evidence of the fact that women ____.
have greater erotic plasticity
Roger is an accountant and his girlfriend, Paula, is a statistician. Suppose that Paula has had a
number of affairs during the course of their relationship. Given the research on sexual
jealousy, which of the following affairs—if he found out about it—would Roger be most
upset about (i.e., which person would he be MOST jealous of)?
Paternity uncertainty has been suggested as an explanation for the ____.
the suppression of female sexuality.
According to the text, the double standard for women versus men, in terms of sexual
behavior, is supported more by ____, and is ____ than most people expect.
Suppose that the CEO of a financial consulting company employs only tall people. Even
though this CEO interviews equal numbers of short and tall applicants who are qualified to
work at his company, he never hires any of the short ones. According to social psychologists,
the CEO's behavior would be best described as an example of _____.
The so-called "outgroup homogeneity bias" refers to the tendency for people to ____.
perceive members of outgroups as relatively similar to one another, but perceive members of ingroups as relatively different from one another
Suppose that some people have just been randomly assigned to two different teams. Research
suggests that these people would be likely to exhibit discriminatory behavior (favoring the
ingroup, and disfavoring the outgroup) ____.
immediately, as soon as the groups had been defined
Recall Muzafer Sherif's research with two groups of 11-year-old boys camping at Robber's
Cave (the "Eagles" and the "Rattlers"). The groups were fiercely competitive for several
weeks. What triggered a peaceful reconciliation? That is, how was their animosity finally
brought to an end?
Realistic conflict theory
The idea that regular interactions among members of different groups reduce prejudice, so
long as the interactions occur under favorable conditions, is known as ____.
the contact hypothesis
Research suggests that stereotyping ____ allow people to save mental energy _____ enable them to process information more quickly.
does, and does.
Research on prejudice and self-esteem suggests that ____.
contrary to popular belief, there is no evidence for a link between prejudice and self-esteem.
Which of the following findings has been most frequently interpreted as evidence for
Hovland and Sears's finding that—in the southern U.S., between 1882 and
1930—there was a statistically significant correlation between the market
price of cotton and the frequency of interracial lynching incidents.
When you meet a new person, stereotypes typically serve to ____.
provide you with hypotheses to be tested about that individual.
Let's assume that most high school students have "attitude" at one time or another. Mr.
Schmidt, a high school athletic director, is a very prejudiced individual. He usually notices
when the black students in school have "attitude" and rarely notices when the white students
show "attitude." Consequently, he continues to believe that black students are disrespectful to
authority. His tendency to focus on social information in a biased way that supports his
prejudiced belief illustrates the ____.
Research examining differences between prejudiced people and non-prejudiced people
suggests that, in general, non-prejudiced people ____.
are familiar with the common negative stereotypes of different groups, and think of those stereotypes when meeting people who belong to those groups, but override those stereotypes with other conscious beliefs.
Researchers Plant and Devine have identified two basic motives that people have for
overcoming prejudice: internal and external. According to these researchers, the external
motive is based on ____.
internal and external
Research suggests that, when it comes to prejudice reduction, direct educational and attitude-change
techniques are most effective at dealing with ____
overt expressions of prejudice.
Suppose that Ms. J. is a third-grade teacher. In her classroom, she requires that students study
together in small, multi-ethnic workgroups, in which each group member is responsible for
collecting and communicating to fellow group members a different type of information. It
appears that Ms. J. is using the cooperative learning technique known as ____.
the jigsaw classroom
Which of the following provides evidence of stereotype threat?
People work harder on things when they are rewarded for successes than they do when they are punished for failures.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Social Psych Final
Social Psychology - Final Exam
Social Psyc Final
Social Psychology Chapter 11
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
German Thema 5
Social Psychology Exam 2
German Class Thema 4
Psychology 1 Exam
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
NT Test 3
2500 Chapter 2 Theories
Chapter 2 Study Guide
ACCN 3100 Exam 1