Terms in this set (74)
Adage is a French word meaning at ease or leisure; a series of exercise consisting of a succession of slow and graceful movements; or the opening section of the classical pas de deux, in which the ballerina, assisted by her male partner, performs the slow, sustained movements.
Air, en l'
In the air. Indicates that a movement is to be made in the air
Brisk lively. A term applied to all bright and brisk movements
One of the most basic poses in ballet, it takes its name from a form of Moorish ornament. Position of the body supported on one leg, which can be straight or in demiplié, with the other leg extended behind and at right angles to it
Backward. Used to indicate that a step is executed moving away from the audience.
Assembled or joined together
One leg with the other lifted in back with the knee bent and will turn out
Forward. Used to indicate that a step is executed moving forward, toward the audience.
Rocking step. This step is an alternation of balance, shifting the weight from one foot to the other.
Principle female dancer in ballet company
Theatrical work or entertainment in which a choreographer has expressed his ideas in group and solo dancing to a musical accompaniment with appropriate costumes, scenery and lighting.
White ballet. This is a term applied to any ballet in which the dancers wear the traditional long white costumes designed by Eugene Lami for Marie Taglioni in the ballet La Sylphide in 1830
Person in a ballet company whose duty is to give the daily company class and to rehearse the ballets in the company repertoire
Bounce. The light, elastic quality in jumping
Horizontal wooden bar fastened to the walls of the ballet classroom or rehearsal hall which dancers hold for support.
Low. Used to indicate a low position of the arms
Beating; a beating action of the extended arm or leg.
Large Battement. An exercise in which the working leg is raised from the hip into the air and brought down again, the accent being on the downward movement, both knees straight.
Small Battement. It is a term for any small beating action of the foot or leg.
Disengaged battement. It is similar to the battement tendu but it is done at twice the speed and the working foot rises about four inches off the floor with a will-pointed toe, then slides back into first or fifth position.
Battement, sinking down. An exercise in which the supporting leg is slowly bent in fondu with the working foot pointed on the ankle.
Struck Battement. An exercise in which the dancer forcefully extends the working leg from a cou-de-pied position to the front, side, or back.
Beaten. Any step embellished with a beat.
Male partner of the ballerina
Enrico Cecchetti, one of the world's outstanding teachers of ballet, established a system of passing on the tradition of ballet to future generations of dancers
Chains, links. Series of rapid turns
Changed. If the term is applied to the name of a step, the feet must have changed places during the step.
Changement de piers
Change of feet
One foot literally chases the other foot out of its position
One who composes or invents ballets or dances
Actual steps, groupings, and patterns of a ballet or dance composition
(1) Traditional style, academic technique developed the ought the centuries of the existence of ballet (2) A ballet in which the style and structure adhere to the definite framework established in the nineteenth century.
Corps de ballet
Dancers in a ballet who do not appear as soloists
Sideways. Used to indicate that a step is to be made to the side.
Cou-de pied, sur le
"one the neck' of the foot" the working foot is placed on the other leg between the base of the calf muscle and the top of the ankle.
A small intermediary step done as a preparation or impetus for some other step.
"Crossed" One of the directions of épaulement. The crossing of the legs with the body placed at an oblique angle to the audience. The disengaged leg may be crossed in the front or in the back.
'inward' In steps and exercises the term indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l'air, moves in a circular direction, counterclockwise from back to front.
'outward' In steps and exercises the term indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l'air, moves in a circular direction, clockwise.
Half-bend of the knees. All steps of elevation begin and end with this step.
back or behind; This term may refer to a movement, step or placing of a limb in back of the body.
In front. This term may refer to a step, movement or the placing of a limb in front of the body.
'to develop' the dancer's working leg is drawn up to the knee of the supporting leg and extended to an open position
'separated, thrown apart' one of the eight directions of the body
Escaping or slipping movement. This is a level opening of both feet from a closed to an open position.
The term is used to qualify a pose in which the legs are open (not crossed)
Interweaving or braiding. A step of beating in which the dancer jumps into the air and rapidly crosses the legs before and behind each other.
'shouldering' describes the placement of a dancer's shoulders in relation to the lower half of the body
Sinking down. A term used to describe a lowering of the body made by bending the knee of the supporting leg.
'whipped' quick whipping action of a dancer's leg or body
'glide' traveling usually used to link other steps together
Throwing step. A jump from one foot to the other in which the working leg is brushed into the air and appears to have been thrown
Pas de chat, ground
'cat's step' resembles how a cat jumps
Pas de deux
Dance for two.
Passed. This is an auxiliary movement in which the foot of the working leg passes the knee of the supporting leg.
Pricked, pricking. Executed by stepping directly on the point or demi-pointe of the working foot in any desired direction or position with the other foot raised in the air.
Whirl or spin. A complete turn of the body on one foot
Bent, bending. A bending of the knee or knees.
The satin ballet shoes used by dancers when dancing sur les pointes. The ballet shoes of Marie Taglioni, the first major ballerina to dance on her points, were not blocked but were padded with cotton wool. Later (about 1862) the toes of the ballet slippers were stiffened (blocked) with glue and darned to give the dancer additional support. Today the toes of pointe shoes are reinforced with a box constructed of several layers of strong glue in between layers of material.
Port de bras
Carriage of the arms.
Raised. A raising of the body on the points or demi-pointes, point or demi-pointe.
Withdrawn. A position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l'air with the knee bent so that the pointed toe rests in front of, behind or to the side of the supporting knee.
A style of ballet produced during the early nineteenth century in which the accent was on the conveyance of a mood to a story. Example of romantic ballets are La Sylphide and Giselle.
Rond de jambe
Round of the leg, that is, a circular movement of the leg.
Royal. A changement in which the calves are beaten together before the feet change position. Also termed "changement battu."
Jumped, jumping. When this term is added to the name of a step, the movement is performed while jumping.
Named for the originator of the step. It is a jump from both feet onto one foot
On the ground
This is the ability of the dancer to turn his or her feet and legs out from the hip joints to a 90-degree position. This, or en-dehors, is one of the essential principles of the classical dance, giving the dancer freedom of movement in every direction.
This is the short classical ballet skirt made of many layers of tarlatan or net. The romantic tutu is the long skirt reaching below the calf.
The greatest Russian teacher of her day (1879-1951). She was a graduate of the St. Petersburg Imperial Ballet School, where she studied under Ivanov, Vazem, Gerdt, Legat and others.
Variation. A solo dance in a classic ballet.