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67 terms

Milady's Esthetics Chapter 4

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Material Safety Data Sheet
Manufacturer's supply hazardous ingredients, safe use and handling procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of harm and overexposure, flammability and data in case of a fire, proper disposal guidelines and medical information.
Disinfectants
The two types that are used in salons and spas are chemical disinfectants and hospital grade disinfectants.
Tuberculodial disinfectants
kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
Acquired Immunity
immunity developed after the body overcomes a disease, or through inoculation
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome, a disease caused by the HIV virus that breaks down the body's immune system
anitseptic
agents that may kill, retard, or prevent the growth of bacteria
aseptic procedure
process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies so that they do not become contaminated by microorganisms until they are used on a client
asymptomatic
showing no sympstoms or signs of infection
autoclave
apparatus for sterilization by steam under pressure
bacilli
short, rod shaped bacteria the most common bacteria produce diseases such as tetanus typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diptheria
bacteria
one celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics also known as microbes
bactericidal
capable of destroying bacteria
bloodborne pathogens
disease causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in blood or body fluids
cilia
hairlike extensions that protrude from cells and help to sweep away fluids and particles
cocci
round bacteira that appear alone or in groups
communicable
when a disease spreads from one person to another by contact
contagious
communicable or transmittable by contact
contaminants
substances that can cause contamination
contaminated
when an object or product has microorganisms in or on it
cross contaminated
contamination that occurs when you touch an object, such as the skin, and then touch an object or product with the same hand or untensil
decontamination
removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces
dermatophytes
a type of fungi that cause skin, hair, and nail infections
diplococci
spheirical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such a pneumonia
disinfectants
chemical agents used to destroy most bacteria, fungi, and viruses and to disinfect implements and surfaces
efficacy
effectiveness
exposure incidents
a specific contact of a client's blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) with the estetician's eyes, mouth ,or other mucous membranes as a result or performing services and duties.
flagella
long threads attached to the cell to help it move.
fungi
vegetable parasite, including molds, mildews, and yeasts.
fungicidal
capable of destroying fungi
general infection
infection that results when the bloodstream carries pathogens and their toxins to all parts of the body
hepatitis
disease marked by inflammation of the liver and caused by a bloodborne virus.
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus: virus that causes aids
Infection
the invasion of body tissues by disease causing pathogenic bacteria
local infections
infection that is confined to a particular part of the body and is indiciated by a lesions containing pus.
Pus
A fluid created by tissue inflammation that contains white blood cells, the debris of dead cells, tissue elements, and bacteria.
general infection
results when the bloodstream carries the bacteria or virus and their toxins (poisons) to all parts of the body.
Contagious
transmittable by contact
Communicable
when a disease spreads from one person to another by contact
Virus
A microscopic organism, capable of infesting almost all plants and animals, including bacteria.
HIV
The virus that causes AIDS, passed from person to person through blood and other body fluids such as semen and vaginal secretions.
Hepatitis
A bloodborne pathogen that causes a disease marked by inflammation of the liver.
Blood borne pathogens
Disease causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids such as hepatitis and HIV
Parasites
Those living inside (endoparasites) a host and those living outside (ectoparasites)
Protozoa
Single celled parasites with the ability to move.
Pediculosis
Head lice
Scabies
A contagious skin disease, caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
Fungi
Yeast, molds, and mildews
Dermatophytes
The fungi that cause skin, nail, and hair infections.
Immunity
The ability of the body to resist disease and prevent infection.
Natural immunity
A naturally inherited resistance to disease.
Acquired immunity
Developed after the body overcomes a disease, or through inoculation.
Decontamination
removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and other surfaces.
Sanitation
Significantly reduce the number of pathogens or disease-producing organisms found on a surface.
Antiseptics
Kill, retard, or prevent the growth of bacteria, but they aren't classified as disinfectants
Disinfection
The process of killing most microorganisms on hard, nonporous surfaces.
Contaminated
Substances that can cause contamination
Disinfectants
chemical agents used to destroy most bacteria and some viruses and to disinfect implements and surfaces
Sterilization
The highest level of decomtamintaion, kills all microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and bacterial spores
autoclave
an apparatus for sterilization by steam under pressure.
Efficacy
Effectiveness
Pseudomonacidal
Effective against Pseudomonas bacteria
Quaternary ammonium compounds
Quats, a type of disinfectant considered non toxic, odorless, and fast acting.
Phenol
Carbolic acid, a caustic poison, used for peels and to sanitize metallic implements
Cross contamination
When you touch and object such as the skin without sanitzing your hands, and then touch an object or product with the same hand or untensil
Universal Precautions
A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blod and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens.
Asymptomatic
Showing no symptoms or signs of infection
Exposure incident
A specific contact of a client's blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) with the estheticians eyes, mouth, or other mucous membranes as a result of performing services and duties.