8 putti; whatever Eve damned, Maria will solve with grace; Mary wearing a star (praised as the "star of the sea"); has devil at her heel (overcoming it); standing on crescent moon (depiction from the North); clothed in and backed up by the sun (imagery connects her to Revelation)
Mary as a new Eve: tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, with serpent wound up around it
Men at bottom are like in "Christ in Limbo"; man in red is St. John the Baptist; his banner says "Agnus Dei"
Virgin has to exist in order for Jesus to be born
Emotionally cold; re-uses things that were already invented