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Policy of having the option of using either nuclear or conventional forces in responce to a threat
JFK; 1960 election; fix the economy and reform education, health care, and civil rights.
Trade Expansion Act
authorized tariff cuts of up to 50% to promote trade with Common Market countries
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
presidential authority to "take all necessary measures" to stop foreign agression
Cuban Missile Crisis
really really really tense time in Cold War; U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba;JFK demanded their removal, announced a naval blockade of the island; USSR removes them after a week
March on Washington
1963; support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. MLK gave "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people
Viet Cong huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet); month of fighting and thousands of casualties;
meet secretly on Nixon's behalf with NV officials in Paris to negotiate an end to the war in Vietnam; Detente
chairman of the Senate Select Committee to Investigate Presidential Campaign Practices during Watergate
became president after Nixon resigned;38th; pardoned Nixon; end of US involvement in Vietnam
Camp David Accords b/twn Israel and Eygpt; 39th; embargo on grain shipments, boycotted the 1980 Olympics, in response to USSR war in Afghanistan;
Vietnam War;US would honor existing commitments, but in the future other countries would have to fight their own wars w/o American troops
Kent State Killings
1970; police kill 4 students during a protest against Nixon ordering US troops to seize Cambodia w/o consulting Congress
required unions working for the feds. to establish "goals and timetables" for minority employees; affirmative action
secret government documents; revealed that the government had misled public about the vietnam war.
"multiple independently targeted reentry vehicles designed to overcome any defense by 'saturating' it with large number of warheads"; in response to SALT
republicans spying on democrats; paying bribes; using CIA, FBI, IRS; Nixon involved; lots of cover-up
War Powers Act
Notify Congress w/thn 48 hours of deployment; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; limit presidential powers
Equal Rights Amendment
constitutional amendment; passed by Congress but never ratified; would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
Second Strategic Arms Limitations Talks; Set limits on the numbers of weapons produced; Not passed by the Senate in retaliation for U.S.S.R.'s invasion of Afghanistan
Political/human rights agreement signed in Finland, by the USSR and other west European countries.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; limited oil supplies in 70s causing the energy crisis
why isn't he dead; Republican speaker in the House; conservative legislation during Clinton's presidency.
the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
cut taxes; take away from social programs and give to Defense; stopped 70s inflation; increased deficit
overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979; socialist; US financed armed opposition by the Contras
arms sales to the Middle East and give money to help the Contras in Nicaragua;Agianst congress; Poindexter and North; supposed to get hostages also
Reagan send army to the island of Grenada, where a Marxists had come to power; shows dominance of the US in the Carribbean
young, urban professionals; symbolized the increased pursuit of wealth/materialism of the 1980s.
Strategic Defense Initiative
"Star Wars,";Reagan's; proposed the construction of a defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles from outer space
Americans with Disabilities Act
1991; banned discrimination against the disabled in employment; easy access to all public and commerical buildings;
Contract with America
1994; Newt Gingrich; Republican candidates pledged their support for a balanced budget; term limits for members of Congress; and a middle-class tax cut.
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