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20 terms

Chapter 5, Europe in the middle ages

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Middle Ages
the years between ancient and modern times
medieval
referring to the Medieval Ages
feudalism
a system in which land was owned by Kings or Lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty
manor
a large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord
serf
a farm worker considered part of the manor on which he or she worked
knight
a man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier
clergy
persons with authority to perform religious services
excommunication
expelling someone from the Church
guild
a medieval organization of crafts workers or tradespeople
apprentice
an unpaid person training in a craft or trade
chivalry
the code of honorable conduct for knights
troubadour
traveling poet and musician of the Middle Ages
Holy Land
Jerusalem and parts of the surrounding area where Jesus lived and taught
Crusades
a series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy Land back from Muslim control
Jerusalem
a city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews
pilgrim
a person who journeys to a sacred place
nation
a community of people that shares territory and a government
Magna Carta
the "The Great Charter," in which the King's power over his nobles was limited agreed to by King John of England in 1215
Model parliament
a council of lords, clergy, and common people that advised the English king on government matters
Hundred Years' War
a series of conflicts between England and France, 1337-1453