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Middle Ages

the years between ancient and modern times


referring to the Medieval Ages


a system in which land was owned by Kings or Lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty


a large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord


a farm worker considered part of the manor on which he or she worked


a man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier


persons with authority to perform religious services


expelling someone from the Church


a medieval organization of crafts workers or tradespeople


an unpaid person training in a craft or trade


the code of honorable conduct for knights


traveling poet and musician of the Middle Ages

Holy Land

Jerusalem and parts of the surrounding area where Jesus lived and taught


a series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy Land back from Muslim control


a city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews


a person who journeys to a sacred place


a community of people that shares territory and a government

Magna Carta

the "The Great Charter," in which the King's power over his nobles was limited agreed to by King John of England in 1215

Model parliament

a council of lords, clergy, and common people that advised the English king on government matters

Hundred Years' War

a series of conflicts between England and France, 1337-1453

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