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16 terms

Mrs. Clark Chapter 1 - Section 3

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conquistadors
soldiers who led military expeditions in the Americas
Hernan Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
Moctezuma II
Emperor of Mexico's Aztec Empire
Francisco Pizarro
the Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incas
Junipero Serra
Spanish missionary who founded the first Spanish missions in California.
encomienda system
gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work. In exchange, these settlers were supposed to protect the Native American people and convert them to Christianity
Bartolome de las Casas
Spanish priest who defended Native Americans' rights.
plantations
large farms that usually specialized in growing one kind of crop for profit
Juan Ponce de Leon
searched present-day Florida for a magical Fountain of Youth
Hernando de Soto
traveled through Florida and North Carolina in 1539
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
explored the area stretching from present-day New Mexico to Kansas, searching for gold
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
sailed along the coast of present-day California; gave Spain a claim to the Pacific Coast of North America
El Camino Real
"the Royal Road" built by the Spanish to connect some of the scattered communities of New Spain
pueblos
a type of settlement in New Spain which served as tradind posts and, sometimes, centers of government
missions
a type of settlement in New Spain started by priests to convert American Indians to Catholicism
presidios
military bases built in New Spain to protect towns and missions