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21 terms

Modalities-Electrical Stimulation

Used ScoreBuilder 2008 pg218
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Conventional (High Rate) TENS
50-100Hz, 20-100usec, 10-30mA
Acupuncture-like (Low Rate) TENS
1-4Hz, 100-200usec, 30-80mA
Pulse Burst
70-100Hz/burst, 40-75usec, 30-60mA
Brief Intense (High-Intensity)
70-100Hz/burst, 150-200usec, 30-60mA
Frequency
Hz or pps
Duration
usec or pulse width
Intensity
mA=Amplitude
Conventional (High Rate) TENS
Relief of acute or chronic pain; Based on the Gate Theory
Acupuncture-like (Low Rate) TENS
Chronic conditions with longer lasting pain relief
Pulse Burst TENS
Stimulation of endogenous opiates
Brief Intense (High-Intensity)
Pain relief for painful procedures such as wound debridement, deep friction massage, or passive stretching
Conventional (High Rate) TENS
High frequency, Short pulse width, Low intensity
Acupuncture-like (Low Rate) TENS
Low frequency, Wide pulse width, Higher intensities
Brief Intense TENS
High frequency, Long pulse width, Higher intensities
Muscle Strengthening
30-50Hz, 250usec to produce firm contractions
Conventional (High Rate) TENS
Sensory stimulation only, primarly affects the large afferent (A) fibers
TENS Contraindications
Pacemaker; Applied over the carotid sinus, eyes, mucosal surfaces, breaks in the skin; Pregnant patients; Epilepsy;
Lumbar Traction
25-50% of body weight; 50% of body weight for vertebral seperation
Cervical Traction
20-25lbs to get vertebral seperation
Electrode Placement for Shoulder Subluxation
Supraspinatus and Posterior Deltoid
Electrode Placement for Foot Drop
Ankle Dorsiflexors and Evertors during Swing