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NBCOT Frames of Reference
Terms in this set (58)
Focus on processes the INDIVIDUAL goes through to adapt to his/her environment. Emphasizes SELF-INITIATED strategies to trigger the adaptation process (i.e. would not use strategies with previous clients with similar issues). The person has an innate desire for mastery in occupation
What are the three basic elements targeted in interventions using the occupational adaptation model?
1. the person
2. the occupational environment
3. the interaction of person and occupational environment
T/F: Occupational adaptation is prominent in periods of transition.
In this model interventions target changes in the child/person, occupation, and environment to optimize occupational performance.
In what model do you assess potential strengths and weaknesses by conceptualizing the fit among the person, environment, and occupation aspects?
T/F: According to the PEO model, occupational performance remains static across the lifespan.
F: Occupational performance necessarily changes across the lifespan.
T/F: There are specific evaluations to use when conducting evaluations from a PEO frame of reference.
F: Evaluation is client-centered and flexible as there are no specific evaluations
Which model recognizes the temporal nature of occupational performance?
PEO Model--the person, his/her environment, and occupations are constantly changing
What are the key concepts and assumptions of MOHO?
Volition, habituation, environment, performance capacity, and dimensions of doing
According to the MOHO Model, __________ is a person's desire to participate in certain occupations. It includes thoughts and feelings that motivate a person to act.
What are the components that contribute to volition?
Personal causation, values, and interests
What is personal causation?
a person's sense of competence and effectiveness while engaged in occupations
_________ are that which is important and meaningful to the person.
_______ are activities that provide enjoyment and satisfaction to the person
What is habituation?
Internalized readiness to demonstrate consistent patterns of behavior. It includes organized recurring patterns of behavior.
According to MOHO, ____________ are surroundings that create opportunities, demands, resources, or barriers to participation in meaningful and culturally relevant occupations.
What is performance capacity?
physical and mental components enabling a person to participate in occupations
What are dimensions of doing?
occupational participation, occupational performance, occupational skill
According to __________ frame of reference, "occupation is dynamic and context dependent."
What are the components that contribute to habituation?
Roles and habits
What are the various MOHO-based assessments?
-Short Child Occupational Profile
-Child Occupational Self-Assessment
-Pediatric Interest Profiles
-Pediatric Volitional Questionnaire
-School Setting Interview
-Occupational Circumstances Assessment Interview Rating Scale (OCAIRS)
-Occupational Self-Assessment (OSA)
With regards to application to pediatric practice, _______________ refers to helping children participate in self-care tasks, attend school, and interact with family and friends.
With regards to application to pediatric practice, _______________ refers to children increasing their ability to engage in occupations.
With regards to application to pediatric practice, _______________ refers to children demonstrating improved actions associated with occupations.
What are the main constructs of the EHP Model?
Person, tasks, context, and personal-context-task transaction
The following assumption is associated with what model?
Occupational therapy promotes self-determination and full inclusion.
The ____________ model emphasizes the role of an individual's context (i.e. a person's cultural, physical, and social environments) and how the environment impacts a person and his/her task performance.
According to the EHP Model, the demands of a ____________ determine which specific behaviors the person will need to participate successfully.
T/F: The EHP model is applicable to people across the life-span.
According to the EHP model, _______________ occurs when a person acts to engage in tasks within a context.
According to which model does the following statement apply?
Each person is a unique individual with sensorimotor, cognitive, and psychosocial skills and abilities.
According to the EHP model, the range of a person's performance is based on _________________
the transaction between the person and the context
The following in an assumption of which model?
The roles that a person has in life are made up of tasks.
What is independence according to the EHP model?
using the supports in a person's context to meet his/her needs and wants
What assessment is based on the EHP model?
When applying the EHP model to pediatric evaluation, what should be included?
Evaluation and analysis of occupational performance including:
-identifying what the child wants and needs to do
-evaluating contextual features
-identifying the child's performance features (looking at relationship between person, context, and task)
-analyzing characteristics of the desired tasks
-developing conceptually based hypotheses and associated interventions
What are the intervention strategies associated with the EHP model?
What is meant by creating/promoting as an intervention strategy within the EHP model?
the therapist creates an intervention; assisting the person by promoting enriching and complex performances in the person's context
What is meant by establishing/restoring as an intervention strategy within the EHP model?
enhancing a person's abilities by teaching skills lost due to illness or disability or never learned
What is meant by alterning as an intervention strategy within the EHP model?
emphasis on assessing a person's contexts to determine which is the best match for the person's abilities (clients may need to be successful in various contexts)
What is meant by adapting/modifying as an intervention strategy within the EHP model?
changing the context or task in some way so that it leads the person to successful performance
What is meant by prevention as an intervention strategy within the EHP model?
minimizing risks that might develop so that problems in performance do not develop
The ____________ model, seeks to identify the nature and critical "doing" elements of an environment that support and foster achievement of a satisfying, productive life-style.
Life-Style Performance Model
The _____________ model proposes a method for looking at the match between that environment and the individual's needs.
Life-Style Performance Model
What model is the following statement associated with?
"Competence and achievement are most readily seen and verified by the end-product or outcome of an activity; thus, the ability to do, to overcome, and to achieve becomes obvious to self and others"
Life-Style Performance Model
The Life-Style Performance Model states that performance and quality of life can be enhanced by ten fundamental human needs. What are those needs?
1. Autonomy: self-determination
2: Individuality: self-differentiation
3. Affiliation: evidence of belonging
4. Volition: the having of alternatives
5. Consensual validation: acknowledgement of achievement and verification of perspectives
6. Predictability: discernment and evaluation of cause and effect
7. Self-efficacy: evidence of competence
8. Adventure: exploration of the new and unkown
9. Accommodation: freedom from physical or mental harm and compensation for limitations
10. Reflection: contemplation of events and the meaning of things
How is performance measured in the Life-Style Performance Model?
In the quality of functioning in four domains:
1. Self-care and maintenance
2. Intrinsic gratification
3. Service to others
4. Reciprocal relationships
With regards to the Life-Style Performance Model, what are the important questions to address when determining the focus of the intervention?
1. What does the person need to be able to do?
2. What is the person able to do?
3. What is the person unable to do?
4. What interventions are needed, and in what order?
5. What are the characteristics and patterns of activity and of the environment that will enhance the person's quality of life?
In the ______________ model, the individual employs task and social skills to meet the demands of personally desired and necessary roles.
The ____________________ model assesses the client's current cognitive functioning to maximize supports in the environment that will facilitate maximal occupational performance.
Cognitive Disabilities Model
The following intervention strategy applies most closely to which model?
Environmental changes and activity adaptations are made to compensate for deficits and allow the greatest degree of independence.
Cognitive Disabilities Model
The ______________ model focuses on tasks that acquire meaning through the person-environment interaction.
What is the primary focus of the Recovery Model?
improve quality of life and the ability to attain desired life goals through self-advocacy
Which model conceptualizes recovery from illness as a journey of healing and transformation that enables individuals with mental health problems to live a meaningful life in a community of their choice?
The following principle is related to which model?
Individuals with mental illness can strive to meet their potential and find meaning and purpose in their lives.
What are the major concepts that guide recovery according to the Recovery Model?
2. Individualized and person-centered care
7. Peer support
With regards to intervention, the implementation of a Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) is associated with which model?
What are the principles of the Intentional Relationship Model?
1. Critical self-awareness and interpersonal self-discipline are fundamental to the intentional use of self.
2. Practitioners must "keep head before heart."
3. Practitioners must practice "mindful empathy."
4. The client defines a successful relationship.
5. Practitioners must balance a focus on activities with a focus on the interpersonal.
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