APUSH KTPTK Unit 1
Terms in this set (16)
Highly advanced South American civilization that occupied present day Peru until it was conquered by Spanish forces under Francisco Pizarro in 1532. They developed sophisticated agricultural techniques, such as terrace farming, in order ti sustain large, complex societies in the unforgiving Andes Mountains.
Native American empire that controlled present day Mexico until 1521, when they were conquered by Spanish Hernan Cortes. They maintained control over their vast empire through a system of trade and tribute, and came to be known for their advances in mathematics and writing, and their use of human sacrifices in religious ceremonies.
a sovereign state whose citizens or subjets are relatively homogeneous in factors such as language or common descent
(c. 2200 A.D.) Mississippian settlement near present day East St. Louis, home to as many as 25,000 Native Americans
agricultural system employed by North American Indians as early as 1000 A.D.; maize, beans, and squash were grown together to maximize yields
the transfer of goods, crops, and diseases between the New and Old Worlds societies after 1492
sixteenth-century Spaniards who fanned out across the Americas, from Colorado to Argentina, eventually conquering the Aztec and Incan Empires
(1680) Pueblo Indian rebellion that drove Spanish settlers from New Mexico
Spanish government's policy to "commend," or give, Indians to certain colonists in return for the promise to Christianize them. Part of a broader Spanish effort to subdue Indian tribes in the West Indies and on the North American mainland.
Short term partnership between multiple investors to fund a commercial enterprise; such arrangements were used to fund England's early colonial ventures
Legal document granted by a government to some group or agency to implement a stated purpose, and spelling out the attending rights and obligations. British colonial ones guaranteed inhabitants all the rights of Englishmen, which helped solidify colonists' ties to Britain during the early years of settlement
Italian explorer sent out from Spain to find India but instead stumbled on the Americas and the West Indies (Bahamas) on October 12, 1492; granted with the ""most successful failure in history"
Spanish conquistador who set out for the "golden city" but actually discovered the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River and buffalo
Spanish conquistador who crushed the Incas in Peru in 1532 and added a huge amount of gold to the Spanish economy
set sail for Cuba in 1529; found translators off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula (Malinche); headed to the Aztec capitol of Technochtitlan where there was a lot of gold; after the Nocte Triste (June 30, 1520) he fought Mochtezuma back and capitulated Aztec land on August 13, 1521
Aztec chieftain that fought Cortes; tried to please Cortes because he thought he was the god Quetzacoatl
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