How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Cost Accounting--Ch. 21

STUDY
PLAY
Accounting Rate of Return
Another term for accrual accounting rate of return (AARR)
Accrual Accounting Rate of Return
Divides an accrual accounting measure of average annual income of a project by an accrual accounting measure of its investment.
Capital Budgeting
The making of long-run planning decisions for investments in projects
Cost of Capital
Another term for required rate of return. Cost of capital
Discount Rate
Another term for required rate of return. Discount rate
Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) Methods
Capital budgeting methods that measure all expected future cash inflows and outflows of a project as if they occurred at a single point in time.
Hurdle Rate
Another term for required rate of return. Hurdle rate
Inflation
The decline in the general purchasing power of the monetary unit, such as dollars.
Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Method
Capital budgeting discounted cash flow (DCF) method that calculates the discount rate at which the present value of expected cash inflows from a projects equals the present value of its expected cash outflows.
Net Present Value (NPV) Method
Capital budgeting discounted cash flow (DCF) method the calculates the expected monetary gain or loss from a project by discounting all expected future cash inflows and outflows to the present point in time, using the required rate of return.
Nominal Rate of Return
Made up of three elements: a.) the risk-free element when there is no expected inflation, b.) a business-risk element, and c.) an inflation element.
Opportunity Cost of Capital
Another term for required rate of return. Opportunity cost of capital
Payback Method
Capital budgeting method that measures the time it will take to recoup, in the form of expected future cash flows, the net initial investment in the project.
Real Rate of Return
The rate of return demanded to cover investment risk (with no inflation). It has a risk-free element and a business-risk element.
Required Rate of Return (RRR)
The minimum acceptable annual rate of return on an investment.
Time Value of Money
Takes into account that a dollar (or any other monetary unit) received today is worth more than a dollar received in any future time.