Renaissance began in cities of northern Italy
Columbus began European exploration of the "New World"
Luther began the Protestant Reformation
High Renaissance at its peak in Italy
Power shifted from Mediterranean to Atlantic countries
England defeated Philip II's Spanish Armada
Galileo and other astronomers challenged geocentric world view
English Civil War: Cromwell's Puritans defeated the Stuarts
Treat of Westphalia ended the 30 Years' War
Scientific Revolution: Newton and Locke found "natural laws"
Glorious Revolution created England's constitutional monarchy
Enlightenment "philosophies" spread modern ideas
Absolute monarchy symbolized by Louis XIV at Versailles
Power shifted to England after the treat of Utrecht
Frederick the Great attacked Austria
French Revolution began with the attack on the Bastille
Robespierre led the Reign of Terror in France
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