36 terms

American Government Unit 4

Pres can grant pardon to a group of people
15 Cabinets today, must be nominated by Pres and appointed by the Senate to become head of a department, all heads are named Secretary except for the Justice Department which is called Attorney General
Executive Agreement
deals with foreign policy, not approved by Senate
Executive Order
Pres directive that defines new policies or carries out existing laws, Supreme Court can declare it unconstitutional, requires $ and needs Congressional Approval
Full Pardon
one person, total legal forgiveness granted by Pres
Pres grants legal forgiveness before sentence is served
Electoral College
Senatorial Courtesy
Pres will check w/ Senators of their party or of his home state
Cottail Effect
ability of politician in office to get or not get votes for another politician
Commuted Sentence
Pres cuts off at time served, doesn't clean record
Federal Register
document issued daily, containing all Executive Orders
Summit Conference
meeting of all world leaders to discuss world issues, Pres goes to as Chief Diplomat
Coup D'Etat
violent overthrow of government, Pres has to decide whether to grant diplomatic recognition to overthrown country
War Powers Act
passed over Nixon's veto in 1973, Pres w/in 48 hours must tell Congress what he is doing and why, Congress can stop him by signing a Resolution, if told to get out, Pres has 30 days to do so
State of the Union
every year in January, Pres gives this speech to the House and Senate, telling where is the US is at, where it ought to be and how to get there
12th Amendment
provides procedure for electing Pres and VP
22nd Amendment
1951, Pres can serve 2 terms, up yo 10 years
25th Amendment
1967, Pres Disability and Pres Succession
Pres can veto anything passed by the House or Senate, but a Pres Veto can be overridden with 2/3 vote of both Houses
Line Item Veto
ability to reject only parts of a bill and allow the rest, most state governors have this, but the Pres does not
Pres Disability
VP can take over when notified w/ letter by Pres that he can no longer carry out his duties, If Pres id unwilling/unable to write letter, VP can take over w/ approval of majority of cabinet (8), which can be challenged by Pres - Pres stays Pres and Congress has 21 days to decide Pres or VP (if no decision, Pres remains), 2/3 vote of House and Senate needed to keep VP
Pres Succession
if VP is empty, Pres nominates who he wants, which has to be approved by majority of the House and Senate
Salary of Pres
$400,000 a year
Chief of State
1. stands as symbol for country: for people and ideas
2. Ceremonial Duties
Chief Diplomat
1. Establishes foreign policy
2. Writes treaties
3. Grants recognition to new governments
Chief Legislator
1. Proposes legislation
Chief Jurist
1. Enforces court decisions
2. Exercises right of pardon
3. Appoints federal judges
Chief Politician
1. Leads party
Commander In Chief
1. Maintains civilian control of armed forces
Chief Executive
1. Administers government programs
3 Duties of Head of Cabinet
1. Run department
2. Advise Pres on matters concerning their department
3. Represent department in any dealings w/ Congress
not appointed by Pres, but have jobs to advise him
Patronage Power
Pres can fill jobs, some require Senate approval
can fire anyone he appoints except fed judges and heads or regulatory agencies
Power of Pardon - 4 aspects
1. stated in Constitution
2. only applies to federal law
3. cannot be challenged
4. applies to anything except impeachment
Salary of VP
$202,000 per year
Job of VP
usually selected for balancing the ticket, only duty is to preside over Senate and in case of a tie, VP acts as a tiebreaker, 1949 law passed by Congress made VP permanent member of National Security Council