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15 Cabinets today, must be nominated by Pres and appointed by the Senate to become head of a department, all heads are named Secretary except for the Justice Department which is called Attorney General
Pres directive that defines new policies or carries out existing laws, Supreme Court can declare it unconstitutional, requires $ and needs Congressional Approval
meeting of all world leaders to discuss world issues, Pres goes to as Chief Diplomat
violent overthrow of government, Pres has to decide whether to grant diplomatic recognition to overthrown country
War Powers Act
passed over Nixon's veto in 1973, Pres w/in 48 hours must tell Congress what he is doing and why, Congress can stop him by signing a Resolution, if told to get out, Pres has 30 days to do so
State of the Union
every year in January, Pres gives this speech to the House and Senate, telling where is the US is at, where it ought to be and how to get there
Pres can veto anything passed by the House or Senate, but a Pres Veto can be overridden with 2/3 vote of both Houses
Line Item Veto
ability to reject only parts of a bill and allow the rest, most state governors have this, but the Pres does not
VP can take over when notified w/ letter by Pres that he can no longer carry out his duties, If Pres id unwilling/unable to write letter, VP can take over w/ approval of majority of cabinet (8), which can be challenged by Pres - Pres stays Pres and Congress has 21 days to decide Pres or VP (if no decision, Pres remains), 2/3 vote of House and Senate needed to keep VP
if VP is empty, Pres nominates who he wants, which has to be approved by majority of the House and Senate
1. Establishes foreign policy
2. Writes treaties
3. Grants recognition to new governments
3 Duties of Head of Cabinet
1. Run department
2. Advise Pres on matters concerning their department
3. Represent department in any dealings w/ Congress
Pres can fill jobs, some require Senate approval
can fire anyone he appoints except fed judges and heads or regulatory agencies
Power of Pardon - 4 aspects
1. stated in Constitution
2. only applies to federal law
3. cannot be challenged
4. applies to anything except impeachment
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