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Exam 4 Review
Terms in this set (60)
What material in skin cells provides protection from abrasions, water damage, and microorganism entry?
Oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with?
This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage?
This maculopapular rash disease is often a result of a respiratory infection with Streptococcus pyogenes?
Impetigo is caused by?
Both staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes
Which of the following is the most common form of microbe transmission in impetigo?
The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is?
If a person who has never been infected with the varicella-zoster virus comes into contact with a person who has shingles, they will come down with?
Smallpox is a disease in which?
Fever, prostration, rash, and possible toxemia and shock occur
Which form of anthrax involves a black eschar on the skin?
Transmission of the pathogen of Leishmaniasis is by the?
Which is true of viral conjunctivitis?
Caused by adenoviruses
The eye's best defense is/are the?
What is the only way to prevent conjunctivitis?
Necrotizing fasciitis is?
Occurs in response to Superantigens
The concept of "immunologically privileged" explains why the CNS?
Has a reduced immune response compared to the rest of the body
Which type of neuroglia has phagocytic capabilities in the CNS?
The normal biota of the CNS consists of?
The CNS has no normal biota
Meningococci initially colonize the?
Neisseria meningitidis is transmitted by?
Treatment for Neisseria meningitidis consist of?
Penicillin G intravenously
Prophylactic rifampin is indicated for individuals in close contact with patients infected by?
Which organism is a common cause of meningitis in AIDS patients and can be found in bird droppings?
Crytococcus neoformans is a?
Although many viruses can cause meningitis, the most common viral cause is?
The organism responsible for the majority of neonatal meningitis is?
Encephalitis is most commonly caused by?
Encephalitis caused by arboviruses involves?
Coma, convulsions, and paralysis in severe cases
The best defense against arboviruses is?
Which of the following has the highest mortality rate?
Eastern Equine encephalitis
What organism is the main reservoir and host for Toxoplasma Gondii?
Toxoplasmosis prevention includes?
Patients with Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease live?
Less that one year post diagnosis
The preferred preventative measure for polio in the US is?
Inactive vaccine developed by Jonas Salk
The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is?
Production of a neurotoxin that is responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of?
Which is the exotoxin of botulism?
Tetanus differs from botulism in that?
Muscles cannot relax in tetanus; muscles cannot contract in botulism
The symptoms that occur in cyclic 48-72 hours episodes in a malaria patient are?
Chills, fever, and sweating
The cyclic bouts of fever and chills in malaria are caused by?
Red blood cell lysis
The causative organism of malaria is a?
Documented transmission of HIV involves?
Unprotected sexual intercourse and contact with blood/blood products
A frequent cancer that is seen in AIDS patients is?
A common cardiovascular/lymph system disease in AIDS patients is?
_____ occurs when bacteria flourish and grow in the blood stream
Most causes of septicemia are caused by?
Acute endocarditis is most commonly contracted through?
Is usually transmitted by a flea vector
Control of rodent populations is important for preventing?
Lyme disease is transmitted by?
Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with?
The causative agent of Lyme disease is?
Rabbits and other rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of?
Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include?
Sore throat, fever, cervical lymphadenopathy, and splenomegaly
Which of the following requires direct contact with infected body fluids?
Which of the following is a hemorrhagic fever?
Which type of hemorrhagic fever is also known as "breakbone fever" because of the severe pain in bones?
Pasteurization of milk helps prevent?
The gram-negative bacillus associated with abscesses from cat bites or scratches is?
Cat-scratch fever can be prevented by?
Cleaning the scratch wound
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