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Exam 5 Review
Terms in this set (60)
Cold viruses are transmitted by?
Droplet contact and indirect contact
The latency period of syphilis is?
20 years or longer
Often lives intracellularly in amoebas
Lymphogranuloma venereum is a complication of?
"Rice-water stools" are associated with disease caused by which organism?
The mucinous glycoprotein covering teeth that streptococci attach to is called the?
Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in?
Infection of the urinary bladder is called?
The main causes of dental caries seem to be?
A common food intoxication is caused by enterotoxin-producing strains of?
The primary viral cause of chronic diarrhea, globally is?
Symptoms of abdominal pain, flatulence, and diarrhea
Trichomas vaginalis is a?
Pelvic inflammatory disease often leads to?
Characteristics of Histoplasma capsulatum include?
It grows in moist soil; rich in nitrogen from bird and bat droppings
The most common causative agent of urinary tract infections is?
When the centers of tubercles break down into ___ lesions, they gradually heal by calcification that replaces normal lung tissue?
Which antibody is concentrated in the respiratory tract?
Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called?
The most common mode of disease transmission in UTIs is?
The most common infectious disease in humans is?
Outbreaks of which apicomplexan disease have been associated with fecal-contaminated imported raspberries and also fresh greens and drinking water?
Which of the following pertains to diphtheria?
Prevented by the DTaP immunization
The tubercles formed in primary tuberculosis are caused by an influx of?
Monocytes --- in the book it is mononuclear cells (pg 540)
The most common causative agent of otitis media is?
The most common mode of transmission for sinusitis is?
The most common type of virus leading to rhinitis is?
Enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is?
Symptoms of cryptosporidiosis include?
Headache, sweats, vomiting, severe abdominal cramps, and diarrhea
Outbreaks of which disease have been associated with fecal-contaminated swimming pools?
The chancre of syphilis?
Develops into a lesion with firm margins and an ulcerated, central crater
The most common reported STD in the US is?
Production of enterotoxin is a characteristic of?
The leading cause of pelvic inflammatory disease is?
What is the function of normal biota of the respiratory tract? (pg 528)
Which is true of Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia psuedotuberculosis?
Cause intense pain caused by inflammation of the ileum
The virulence of Vibrio cholera is due to its?
Infection travels to the middle ear by way of the?
Eustachian (auditory) tubes
Which group is at greatest risk for group B streptococcus infection?
The most common cause of vaginitis is?
Hepatitis B infection?
Increases risk for hepatocellular cancer
Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheria that causes serious systemic effects is?
Lactobacillus in the female reproductive tract?
Which of the following organisms causes urinary tract infections?
Which of the following causes a non-communicable pulmonary infection that resembles tuberculosis?
Even after a positive test for microbial cause, prostatitis is unresponsive to antibiotic therapy. Why?
Mixed biofilms are hard to kill
Which organ of the GI tract has a large commensal population of microorganisms?
Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their?
Rheumatic fever is caused by?
A primary streptococcal infection
The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to?
Orchitis and epididymitis are seen in young adult males as a complication of?
During which stage of syphilis does fever, lymphadenopathy, and a red to brown rash occur?
Permanent cardiovascular and neurological damage is seen in which stage of syphilis?
The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in cholera victims is?
Water and electrolyte replacement
Can be contracted through the environment
Symptoms of influenza include?
Fever, myalgia, sore throat, cough, and nasal discharge
The primary virulence factor of Neisseria gonorrhoeae is?
The most common bacterial cause of diarrhea in the US is?
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