82 terms

Ch5 Human Anat & Phys

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gender
If a forensic anthropologist uses his thumb to check the width of a notch on the pelvis, he is trying to identify the ________.
axial
The manubrium is apart of which division?
the shape of the ears
To reconstruct a face, which of the following characteristics cannot be determined from the skull?
femur
Which bone is most commonly used to determine the height of the deceased?
flat bone
The xiphoid process is an example of which bone classification?
true
You can tell if a person is right or left handed from their bones?
flat bone
The ribs are an example of which bone classification?
long bone
The 4th proximal phalanx is an example of which classification?
false
More mobility equals more stability?
irregular bone
The T-3 vertebra is an example of which bone classification?
features of synovial joint
A fibrous articular capsule encloses joint surfaces
c. A joint cavity is filled with synovial fluid
d. Ligaments reinforce the joint
e. Articular cartilage covers the ends of bones
irregular
Bones that don't fit any other category
long bone
Made up of mostly compact bone
flat bone
Two thin layers of compact bone surrounding a layer of spongy bone
sesamoid
Bones developed due to friction of a tendon when it passes an angular structure
short bone
Made up of mostly spongy bone
medullary cavity
Area where yellow and red marrow is found
Sharpey's fibers
Connects the periosteum to bone
central canal
Opening in the center of an osteon that carries blood vessels and nerves.
ligaments
Connect bone to bone
lacunae
Cavities containing bone cells that are arranged in concentric rings
articular cartilage
The outermost layer found on the ends of long bones
osteocytes
Mature bone cells
periosteum
The outermost fibrous, connective tissues of the shaft of long bones.
osteon
Unit of bone containing central canal and matrix rings
osteoclasts
Cells the destroy bones
diaphysis
The section of long bone that makes up most of the bone's length
epiphyseal line
What can be seen on towards the ends of long bones signaling growth has stopped.
canaliculi
Tiny canals that radiate from the central canal to lacunae and transport nutrients to bone cells
voldman's canal
Opening that is perpendicular to the central canal
epiphyses
Ends of the long bones
osteoblasts
Cells the build bone
epiphyseal plate
A section in long bones that can be seen in young, growing bones, and cause the bone to grown length wise
tendons
Connect muscle to bone
lamellae
Rings around the central canal and sites of lacunae.
axial
The coccyx is apart of which division?
tendons
Which one is not apart of the "skeletal system"?
Forensic anthropology
The field of science that would be involved in identifying skeletal remains is called ________.
hyoid bone
Which bone aids in swallowing and speech?
foramen
round or oval opening through a bone
process
any bony prominence
sinus
cavity within a bone, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane
tuberosity
large, rounded projection;may be roughened
condyle
rounded articular projection
fissure
narrow, slitlike opening
meatus
canal-like passageway
ramus
armlike bar of bone
tubercle
small, rounded projection or process
facet
smooth, nearly flat articular surface
fossa
shallow, basin like depression in a bone
trochanter
very large, blunt irregularly shaped process
crest
narrow ridge of bone;usually prominent
short bone
The scaphoid bone is an example of which classification?
Multiaxial
ball-and-socket joints
Uniaxial
pivot joints
Biaxial
saddle joints
Non-Axial
plane (gliding) joints
3
The bones of the foot are arranged to form how many strong arches?
appendicular
The capitate is apart of which division?
hematoma forms; fibrocartilage callus forms; bony callus forms; bone remodeling occurs
List the stages (in order) in the healing of a bone fracture.
Cartilaginous joints
immovable or slightly moveable joints
Fibrous joints
generally immovable joints
Synovial joints
freely moveable
canaliculus
The passagway connecting neighboring osteocytes in an osteon is a __________.
appendicular
The pubis is apart of which division?
depressed
Broken bone portion is pressed inward
spiral
Ragged break occurs when excessive twisting forces are applied to a bone
impacted
Broken bone ends are forced into each other
greenstick
Bone breaks incompletely
compression
Bone is crushed
comminuted
Bone breaks into many fragments
the number of fused bones
You can best tell the age of a skeleton by looking at ________?
24
How many months after birth does it typically take fontanels to convert to bone?
lordosis
Excessive inward curvature of the spine
kyphosis
Excessive outward curvature of the spine
Curvatures of the thoracic and sacral regions
What are the two primary curvatures of the spine?
ossification
Bone growth
appositional growth
Bone growth in width
vitamin c
Which does not play a role in bone remodeling?
functions of the skeletal system
a. Store minerals and fats
b. Support the body
d. Assist in movement
e. Blood cell formation
f. Protect soft organs
cervical and lumbar regions
What are the two secondary curvatures of the spine?
functional classification of joints
a. Diarthroses
b. Amphiarthroses
c. Synarthroses