Ch5 Human Anat & Phys
Terms in this set (82)
If a forensic anthropologist uses his thumb to check the width of a notch on the pelvis, he is trying to identify the ________.
The manubrium is apart of which division?
the shape of the ears
To reconstruct a face, which of the following characteristics cannot be determined from the skull?
Which bone is most commonly used to determine the height of the deceased?
The xiphoid process is an example of which bone classification?
You can tell if a person is right or left handed from their bones?
The ribs are an example of which bone classification?
The 4th proximal phalanx is an example of which classification?
More mobility equals more stability?
The T-3 vertebra is an example of which bone classification?
features of synovial joint
A fibrous articular capsule encloses joint surfaces
c. A joint cavity is filled with synovial fluid
d. Ligaments reinforce the joint
e. Articular cartilage covers the ends of bones
Bones that don't fit any other category
Made up of mostly compact bone
Two thin layers of compact bone surrounding a layer of spongy bone
Bones developed due to friction of a tendon when it passes an angular structure
Made up of mostly spongy bone
Area where yellow and red marrow is found
Connects the periosteum to bone
Opening in the center of an osteon that carries blood vessels and nerves.
Connect bone to bone
Cavities containing bone cells that are arranged in concentric rings
The outermost layer found on the ends of long bones
Mature bone cells
The outermost fibrous, connective tissues of the shaft of long bones.
Unit of bone containing central canal and matrix rings
Cells the destroy bones
The section of long bone that makes up most of the bone's length
What can be seen on towards the ends of long bones signaling growth has stopped.
Tiny canals that radiate from the central canal to lacunae and transport nutrients to bone cells
Opening that is perpendicular to the central canal
Ends of the long bones
Cells the build bone
A section in long bones that can be seen in young, growing bones, and cause the bone to grown length wise
Connect muscle to bone
Rings around the central canal and sites of lacunae.
The coccyx is apart of which division?
Which one is not apart of the "skeletal system"?
The field of science that would be involved in identifying skeletal remains is called ________.
Which bone aids in swallowing and speech?
round or oval opening through a bone
any bony prominence
cavity within a bone, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane
large, rounded projection;may be roughened
rounded articular projection
narrow, slitlike opening
armlike bar of bone
small, rounded projection or process
smooth, nearly flat articular surface
shallow, basin like depression in a bone
very large, blunt irregularly shaped process
narrow ridge of bone;usually prominent
The scaphoid bone is an example of which classification?
plane (gliding) joints
The bones of the foot are arranged to form how many strong arches?
The capitate is apart of which division?
hematoma forms; fibrocartilage callus forms; bony callus forms; bone remodeling occurs
List the stages (in order) in the healing of a bone fracture.
immovable or slightly moveable joints
generally immovable joints
The passagway connecting neighboring osteocytes in an osteon is a __________.
The pubis is apart of which division?
Broken bone portion is pressed inward
Ragged break occurs when excessive twisting forces are applied to a bone
Broken bone ends are forced into each other
Bone breaks incompletely
Bone is crushed
Bone breaks into many fragments
the number of fused bones
You can best tell the age of a skeleton by looking at ________?
How many months after birth does it typically take fontanels to convert to bone?
Excessive inward curvature of the spine
Excessive outward curvature of the spine
Curvatures of the thoracic and sacral regions
What are the two primary curvatures of the spine?
Bone growth in width
Which does not play a role in bone remodeling?
functions of the skeletal system
a. Store minerals and fats
b. Support the body
d. Assist in movement
e. Blood cell formation
f. Protect soft organs
cervical and lumbar regions
What are the two secondary curvatures of the spine?
functional classification of joints
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