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Policing Chapter 12
Terms in this set (51)
The relations between police and racial-ethnic minority communities is referred to as:
Police community relations.
Ethnicity differs from race in terms of:
Differential treatment based on some extralegal category such as race
ethnicity, or gender is known as: ,Discrimination.
If hiring occurs where there are different outcomes that are not necessarily caused by differential treatment this is caused
The greatest gap between the attitudes of minorities and police is the:
Use of force
Police officer misperception of public attitudes is the result of several factors most important the pattern of:
Any level of force more than is necessary to fulfill a lawful objective is called:
A crime control strategy of both identifying and apprehending offenders is known as:
The ability to understand and respond appropriately to differences in languages
traditions, lifestyles, and patterns of communications of different racial or ethnic is called: ,Cultural competence
The practice of police stopping drivers because of their race or ethnicity and not because a legitimate law violation is commonly referred to as:
Different outcomes that are not necessarily caused by differential treatment are known as:
The most serious examples of racial profiling involve traffic stops. The pattern of these stops appears directly related to drug enforcement. This evidence lends support to the context approach to police-citizen interactions
which holds that interactions are different depending on: ,location, police unit, enforcement activity, and context
Police-community relations in America represent an apparent contradiction:
there are disparities in arrest and incarceration based on race ,yet minorities give the police very favorable ratings.
When people are asked specifically about use of force or respectful treatment by the police
the gap between white and minority group attitudes: ,widens
A factor that ranks second to race and ethnicity in public attitudes toward the police is:
Public attitudes are affected by controversial incidents particularly:
questionable shootings or use of physical force.
The four dimensions of trust the authors describe are:
priorities, competence, dependability, respect.
When you compare people to police and the larger society
people who are the victims of discrimination or who feel powerless or alienated from society: ,are likely to have more negative attitudes toward the police.
The police subcultureview of citizens is that:
the public was against the police or hated the police.
The fact that police officers are more likely to remember unpleasant or traumatic incidents than routine uneventful ones is known as:
How does tolerating vice crimes harm low-income and racial minority communities?
All of these harm the communities.
The greatest source of tensions between the police and racial minorities are
police field practices.
The U.S. Supreme Court decision that accelerated the trend toward adoption of the defense of life standard
which greatly restricts the use of deadly force by police officers, was: ,Tennessee v. Garner.
Police departments have generally adopted a scale indicating the levels of force used for particular situations. The scale is called the:
use of force continuum.
Officers are more likely to use force against criminal suspects. Officers are also more likely to use force against male suspects. In other words
police use of force is more likely to be associated with certain: ,situational factors.
Relative to their numbers in the population:
African Americans are arrested more than whites.
A police crime-control strategy designed to both apprehend offenders and send a message of deterrence to people on the street is:
Stereotyping minorities as criminal suspects can be reinforced by
The ability to understand and respond appropriately to differences in the languages
traditions, lifestyles, and patterns of communication in different racial or ethnic groups is known as: ,cultural acceptance.
The purpose of having a diverse work force within a police organization is:
All of these are reasons to have a diverse work force.
The two most important specific programs that police departments have adopted for improving police-community relations have been:
creating police-community relations units and providing training to officers.
Many police departments have abandoned their ride-along programs because:
the program tends to attract only those persons who already have a favorable attitude toward the police and does not reach those who have complaints.
The name of the commission created to investigate the Los Angeles Police Department after the 1991 Rodney King incident was:
the Christopher Commission.
What is the largest minority racial group in America?
The most serious examples of racial profiling that have been documented involve traffic stops by state police officers on interstate highways in:
Maryland and New Jersey.
A 1997 survey found that the majority of ___________had a favorable attitude toward the police with respect to the use of force.
This author found that 73 percent of the police officers thought that the public was "against the police
or hates the police." ,William Westley
When minority citizens argue that they do not have enough police protection
they are complaining about: ,under-protection by the police.
Most complaints about police harassment come from
Edward Garner was
was shot and killed by police in Memphis, Tennessee.
The case ofTennessee v. Gardnercreated:
the defense-of-life standard.
Who is most likely to be shot by a police officer?
The use of excessive force by police officers is also called:
all of these.
Alpert found that police officers use more force than was indicated by citizen behavior in __________ of all cases.
What percent of all African American males are arrested before the age of 30?
Donald Black's study found that police decisions to arrest are influenced by many situational factors. Which of the following is not one of those factors?
race of the suspect
Which race is most likely to be antagonistic to the police?
The data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics survey:
do not support the allegations of systematic racial profiling by the police, at least with respect to African Americans.
The Christopher Commission studied the computer-based communications among LAPD police officers and found:
evidence of offensive racial stereotypes.
Who is more likely to be bitten by a police dog?
The term "driving while black" refers to:
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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