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40 terms

Chapter 7

The phrase "critical period" refers to
America under the Articles of Confederation
In the final years of the Revolutionary War, ___________emerged as the most influential figure in the government
Robert Morris
Which one of the following gave the Confederation government the most trouble?
Under the Articles of Confederation western lands would be
owned by the national government
The 640-acre sections created in the Northwest
would likely be bought by land speculators
The United States departed from the colonial policies of Great Britain by:
promising equal statehood to all unsettled western territory
Which of the following was NOT part of the Northwest Ordinance?
New states formed from the Northwest Territory had to allow Indians "perpetual representation" in the state governments
The plan presented by Reverend Cather of the Ohio Company was to settle the Northwest with:
military veterans
After the Revolutionary War, American trade with Britain
An important new development came in the mid-1780s, when the United States opened trade with
An ongoing source of American tension toward the British was
British forts along the Canadian border
One serious economic problem under the Articles of Confederation was
the differing tariff policies of the states
The movement for states to issue paper money in the 1780s was led by
Shays's Rebellion broke out in
western Massachusetts
Shays's Rebellion was led by
indebted farmers
In response to Shays's Rebellion, Thomas Jefferson
said occasional revolts were necessary
The Annapolis Convention of 1786
grew out of discussion among the states about commercial cooperation
How many states were represented at the Annapolis Convention?
The convention, which assembled in May 1787, was supposed to
revise the Articles of Confederation
The delegates who met
included many participants in the Revolution
At the outset of the Constitutional Convention, whom did the delegates unanimously elect as president of the convention?
George Washington
Madison's Virginia Plan
would create a two-house Congress
The Great Compromise
settled the question of congressional representation
The Constitution addressed slavery by
stating that the African slave trade could not be banned before 1808
On the question of women's rights, the proposed Constitution
said nothing
The great majority of the Founding Fathers rejected
rule by the people
The Founding Fathers viewed the most "democratic" branch of the government as the
House of Representatives
Under the proposed constitution, members of the Senate would
be chosen by state legislatures
According to the Constitution, the president has the authority to do all the following EXCEPT
resign and choose his successor
Amendments to the Constitution
would be proposed by a two-thirds vote of Congress
The Constitution was to be considered ratified as soon as it had been approved by
nine of the states
Charles Beard's study of the Constitution
described the selfish economic interests of the men who wrote it
Charles Beard's writings on the Constitution at least caution us against
hero worship
Most of the Federalist essays were written by
Alexander Hamilton
Federalist Number 10 explains how a republic can
be successful in a large, diverse society
Who among the following was an anti-Federalist?
Patrick Henry
Anti-Federalist leaders
wanted a Bill of Rights to protect individuals from the new government
The first of these states to ratify the Constitution was
The Constitution was ratified
despite a close vote in Massachusetts
As the new Constitution went into effect, Founding Fathers like Franklin and Washington viewed its future with feelings of