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Chapter 8

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By 1790, America
remained a predominantly rural society
In early 1789, the new Congress gathered in the national capital, which was
New York City
Washington's secretary of state was
Thomas Jefferson
The Bill of Rights did all of the following EXCEPT
settle all questions about federal versus state authority
The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution
said that powers not specifically given to the national government remained with the states or the people
Alexander Hamilton's basic vision of America was to make it
a vibrant capitalist power
Madison decided to support Hamilton's debt proposals in return for an agreement to
relocate the nation capital southward
Madison and Jefferson objected to the national bank primarily because
they believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution
The emergence of political parties
reflected basic philosophical differences between Jefferson and Hamilton
When Britain and France went to war in 1793, the United States
expressed neutrality, warning Americans not to aid either side
As a result of Jay's Treaty
the British agreed to evacuate their northwest posts by 1796
The Treaty of Greenville was an agreement between the United States and
Indians on the northwest frontier
The Whiskey Rebellion resulted in
the sending of a massive army to western Pennsylvania
The attitude of the Federalists toward western land sales was produced by their desire to
protect their political base in the East
The preferred crop of pioneers on the Wilderness Road was
corn
Under President Adams, a war between the United States and France
was an undeclared naval conflict
The Alien Act of 1798
was aimed especially at French and Irish Republicans
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions argued that
states could decide if laws were unconstitutional
Jefferson's election in 1800
had to be settled by the House of Representatives
The Judiciary Act of 1801
was the legacy of the Federalists as they left office
The first Supreme Court
required its justices to serve on circuit courts as well
Hamilton's plan to fund the national debt at its full face value would most benefit
speculators
The national bank proposed by Hamilton
would provide a stable national currency
In his debate with Jefferson over the national bank's constitutionality, Hamilton
used the doctrine of implied powers
The party led by Madison and Jefferson that opposed Hamilton was the
Republicans
In foreign affairs, Americans became deeply divided in the 1790s over
the French Revolution
Edmond Genet
encouraged Americans to attack Spanish territory on the frontier
Opposition to Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey was strongest among
frontier farmers
In regard to land policy, Hamilton and the Federalists
favored high land prices that would slow western settlement
Daniel Boone led settlers into
Kentucky
In the election of 1800
Jefferson was attacked as an atheist and a radical