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By 1790, America

remained a predominantly rural society

In early 1789, the new Congress gathered in the national capital, which was

New York City

Washington's secretary of state was

Thomas Jefferson

The Bill of Rights did all of the following EXCEPT

settle all questions about federal versus state authority

The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution

said that powers not specifically given to the national government remained with the states or the people

Alexander Hamilton's basic vision of America was to make it

a vibrant capitalist power

Madison decided to support Hamilton's debt proposals in return for an agreement to

relocate the nation capital southward

Madison and Jefferson objected to the national bank primarily because

they believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution

The emergence of political parties

reflected basic philosophical differences between Jefferson and Hamilton

When Britain and France went to war in 1793, the United States

expressed neutrality, warning Americans not to aid either side

As a result of Jay's Treaty

the British agreed to evacuate their northwest posts by 1796

The Treaty of Greenville was an agreement between the United States and

Indians on the northwest frontier

The Whiskey Rebellion resulted in

the sending of a massive army to western Pennsylvania

The attitude of the Federalists toward western land sales was produced by their desire to

protect their political base in the East

The preferred crop of pioneers on the Wilderness Road was


Under President Adams, a war between the United States and France

was an undeclared naval conflict

The Alien Act of 1798

was aimed especially at French and Irish Republicans

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions argued that

states could decide if laws were unconstitutional

Jefferson's election in 1800

had to be settled by the House of Representatives

The Judiciary Act of 1801

was the legacy of the Federalists as they left office

The first Supreme Court

required its justices to serve on circuit courts as well

Hamilton's plan to fund the national debt at its full face value would most benefit


The national bank proposed by Hamilton

would provide a stable national currency

In his debate with Jefferson over the national bank's constitutionality, Hamilton

used the doctrine of implied powers

The party led by Madison and Jefferson that opposed Hamilton was the


In foreign affairs, Americans became deeply divided in the 1790s over

the French Revolution

Edmond Genet

encouraged Americans to attack Spanish territory on the frontier

Opposition to Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey was strongest among

frontier farmers

In regard to land policy, Hamilton and the Federalists

favored high land prices that would slow western settlement

Daniel Boone led settlers into


In the election of 1800

Jefferson was attacked as an atheist and a radical

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