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All of the following characterized the United States by the time of Andrew Jackson's election EXCEPT

a dynamic economy absent of panics or depressions

The Jacksonian concept of equality was a belief that

everyone should have an equal chance to succeed

Before he became president, Andrew Jackson

all of the above

Andrew Jackson's soldiers nicknamed him

Old Hickory

Thomas Jefferson considered Andrew Jackson unfit for the presidency due to his

violent temperament

Andrew Jackson was a true Jeffersonian in his

belief in limited government

The Peggy Eaton affair revealed

the destructive gossip of the Washington social scene

As a result of the Eaton affair, President Jackson

drew closer to Martin Van Buren

The proposed Maysville Road

would be entirely in Kentucky

Despite the fact that Andrew Jackson continually opposed federal aid to local projects, he did support

interstate projects such as the National Road

By the 1820s, South Carolina

was experiencing agricultural depression

Calhoun's South Carolina Exposition and Protest

argued that states could nullify federal legislation

The Webster-Hayne debate is best remembered for

Webster's eloquent defense of the union

Jackson declared his opposition to nullification

in his toast at a Jefferson Day dinner

Tariffs passed by Congress in 1830 and 1832

lowered duties on some items

How many states joined South Carolina in repudiating the tariff acts of 1828 and 1832?


In response to South Carolina's tariff nullification, Jackson

threatened to hang Calhoun

President Jackson's policy toward Indians could best be described as
one of

removal to lands west of the Mississippi

The Indian chief who resisted federal policy in Illinois and Wisconsin was

Black Hawk

The Indian Removal Act of 1830

proposed moving Indian tribes to areas west of the Mississippi River

President Jackson's attitude toward the Supreme Court's decision in Worcester v. Georgia was


The Trail of Tears resulted in

the death of thousands of Indians

In regard to banks and banking policy, Jackson

much preferred hard money to paper currency

Jackson viewed the Bank of the United States as

a "monster" that served the interests of a wealthy few

When Congress rechartered the Bank of the United States in 1832

Jackson vetoed the recharter

By the 1832 election, the Jacksonians had become known as the


After his reelection, Jackson moved to destroy the Bank of the United States by

withdrawing its federal deposits

As a result of Jackson's bank policies

banks printed new bank notes with abandon

Pet banks were

state banks that received federal government deposits

Jackson's opponents called themselves Whigs to

denounce what they saw as Jackson's tyrannical qualities

The one thing that united all members of the new Whig party was opposition to

Andrew Jackson

Least likely to become Whigs would be

German and Irish Catholics

All of the following were prominent Whig politicians EXCEPT

Martin Van Buren

Martin Van Buren was known as the Little Magician due to his

skill as a professional politician

After the panic of 1837, working-class Americans could expect all of the following EXCEPT

government assistance

All of the following factors contributed to the panic of 1837 EXCEPT the

tariff of 1835, which had lowered duties to dangerous levels

In 1840, the Whigs

feared splitting their party and hence had no platform

In the 1840 campaign, the Whigs

claimed their candidate was born in a log cabin

William Henry Harrison

had defeated the Shawnees at Tippecanoe

According to the "progressive" historians, Jackson

led a vast democratic movement against the abuses of the "Monster" bank

The irony of Jackson's political philosophy is that

his laissez-faire rationale for republican simplicity became the justification for the unregulated growth of centers of economic power

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