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Chapter 11

STUDY
PLAY
All of the following characterized the United States by the time of Andrew Jackson's election EXCEPT
a dynamic economy absent of panics or depressions
The Jacksonian concept of equality was a belief that
everyone should have an equal chance to succeed
Before he became president, Andrew Jackson
all of the above
Andrew Jackson's soldiers nicknamed him
Old Hickory
Thomas Jefferson considered Andrew Jackson unfit for the presidency due to his
violent temperament
Andrew Jackson was a true Jeffersonian in his
belief in limited government
The Peggy Eaton affair revealed
the destructive gossip of the Washington social scene
As a result of the Eaton affair, President Jackson
drew closer to Martin Van Buren
The proposed Maysville Road
would be entirely in Kentucky
Despite the fact that Andrew Jackson continually opposed federal aid to local projects, he did support
interstate projects such as the National Road
By the 1820s, South Carolina
was experiencing agricultural depression
Calhoun's South Carolina Exposition and Protest
argued that states could nullify federal legislation
The Webster-Hayne debate is best remembered for
Webster's eloquent defense of the union
Jackson declared his opposition to nullification
in his toast at a Jefferson Day dinner
Tariffs passed by Congress in 1830 and 1832
lowered duties on some items
How many states joined South Carolina in repudiating the tariff acts of 1828 and 1832?
none
In response to South Carolina's tariff nullification, Jackson
threatened to hang Calhoun
President Jackson's policy toward Indians could best be described as
one of
removal to lands west of the Mississippi
The Indian chief who resisted federal policy in Illinois and Wisconsin was
Black Hawk
The Indian Removal Act of 1830
proposed moving Indian tribes to areas west of the Mississippi River
President Jackson's attitude toward the Supreme Court's decision in Worcester v. Georgia was
defiance
The Trail of Tears resulted in
the death of thousands of Indians
In regard to banks and banking policy, Jackson
much preferred hard money to paper currency
Jackson viewed the Bank of the United States as
a "monster" that served the interests of a wealthy few
When Congress rechartered the Bank of the United States in 1832
Jackson vetoed the recharter
By the 1832 election, the Jacksonians had become known as the
Democrats
After his reelection, Jackson moved to destroy the Bank of the United States by
withdrawing its federal deposits
As a result of Jackson's bank policies
banks printed new bank notes with abandon
Pet banks were
state banks that received federal government deposits
Jackson's opponents called themselves Whigs to
denounce what they saw as Jackson's tyrannical qualities
The one thing that united all members of the new Whig party was opposition to
Andrew Jackson
Least likely to become Whigs would be
German and Irish Catholics
All of the following were prominent Whig politicians EXCEPT
Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren was known as the Little Magician due to his
skill as a professional politician
After the panic of 1837, working-class Americans could expect all of the following EXCEPT
government assistance
All of the following factors contributed to the panic of 1837 EXCEPT the
tariff of 1835, which had lowered duties to dangerous levels
In 1840, the Whigs
feared splitting their party and hence had no platform
In the 1840 campaign, the Whigs
claimed their candidate was born in a log cabin
William Henry Harrison
had defeated the Shawnees at Tippecanoe
According to the "progressive" historians, Jackson
led a vast democratic movement against the abuses of the "Monster" bank
The irony of Jackson's political philosophy is that
his laissez-faire rationale for republican simplicity became the justification for the unregulated growth of centers of economic power