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40 terms

Chapter 12

The cotton gin
made possible efficient separation of seeds from fiber
The cotton gin's invention
made cotton a major export item
All of the following encouraged migration to the West EXCEPT
construction of numerous frontier forts
The Preemption Act of 1830
allowed squatters to stake out claims ahead of the land surveys
The settlement of the West was accelerated by Cyrus McCormick's invention of the
mechanic reaper
Cyrus McCormick's grain reapers
were manufactured at his factory in Chicago
By the 1830s, most western products reached New Orleans by
By the 1820s, the fastest way to travel from New Orleans to Pittsburgh was by
The Erie Canal did all of the following EXCEPT
bankrupt New York State with its huge cost
All of the following were true of the trains in use by the 1850s EXCEPT
they could only operate in warm-weather months
The advantage clipper ships had over traditional merchant vessels was their
By the 1840s, a communications revolution had been triggered by the development of the
Jefferson's embargo in 1807 and the War of 1812
encouraged rapid growth in American manufacturing
The first American factories produced
cotton textiles
Samuel Slater's contribution to the economy was that he
opened a successful textile mill in Rhode Island
One striking aspect of the Lowell factories was
their employment of young single women
The Rhode Island or Fall River systems differed from that of Lowell in that
whole families were often employed
The New England textile industry's use of water power
dramatically altered the region's ecology
By 1860, _________ had become the largest city as its population surpassed one million
New York
The most popular form of indoor entertainment in the first half of the nineteenth century was
Which of the following is NOT true of boxing in the antebellum era?
It was strictly entertainment for the lower classes
In the antebellum era, prizefights lasted
until one fighter could not continue
Minstrel shows
employed familiar stereotypes of African Americans
In antebellum theaters, audiences
responded vocally to the quality of performances
The major impetus for the huge Irish immigration to the United States after 1845 was
a deadly potato famine
Anti-Irish prejudice was especially based upon
fear of growing Catholic influence
The Germans who came to the United States
settled mainly in rural areas
By 1860, one would be most likely to encounter Norwegian and Swedish immigrants in
Wisconsin and Minnesota
German immigrants in the 1850s
tended to come as groups and families
The German migration to the United States
often ended in St. Louis, San Antonio, or Milwaukee
Lyman Beecher's anti-Catholic sermons in 1834
provoked a mob to attack the Ursuline Convent in Charlestown, Massachusetts
The Know-Nothing party
was established in the 1850s
The Know-Nothings proposed to
lengthen the time required to become a citizen
The Know-Nothings campaigned primarily to
limit immigrant influence
In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that
forming a trade union was not illegal
The various Workingmen's parties failed for all the following reasons EXCEPT
most workers had no serious problems
A radical wing of the Jackson Democratic Party was also known as
the Locofocos
A large strike led by Massachusetts shoemakers in early 1860
won higher wages and union recognition
Physicians in the early 1800s
included very few women
Ironically, the Jacksonian era was characterized by
growing economic and social inequality