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The cotton gin

made possible efficient separation of seeds from fiber

The cotton gin's invention

made cotton a major export item

All of the following encouraged migration to the West EXCEPT

construction of numerous frontier forts

The Preemption Act of 1830

allowed squatters to stake out claims ahead of the land surveys

The settlement of the West was accelerated by Cyrus McCormick's invention of the

mechanic reaper

Cyrus McCormick's grain reapers

were manufactured at his factory in Chicago

By the 1830s, most western products reached New Orleans by


By the 1820s, the fastest way to travel from New Orleans to Pittsburgh was by


The Erie Canal did all of the following EXCEPT

bankrupt New York State with its huge cost

All of the following were true of the trains in use by the 1850s EXCEPT

they could only operate in warm-weather months

The advantage clipper ships had over traditional merchant vessels was their


By the 1840s, a communications revolution had been triggered by the development of the


Jefferson's embargo in 1807 and the War of 1812

encouraged rapid growth in American manufacturing

The first American factories produced

cotton textiles

Samuel Slater's contribution to the economy was that he

opened a successful textile mill in Rhode Island

One striking aspect of the Lowell factories was

their employment of young single women

The Rhode Island or Fall River systems differed from that of Lowell in that

whole families were often employed

The New England textile industry's use of water power

dramatically altered the region's ecology

By 1860, _________ had become the largest city as its population surpassed one million

New York

The most popular form of indoor entertainment in the first half of the nineteenth century was


Which of the following is NOT true of boxing in the antebellum era?

It was strictly entertainment for the lower classes

In the antebellum era, prizefights lasted

until one fighter could not continue

Minstrel shows

employed familiar stereotypes of African Americans

In antebellum theaters, audiences

responded vocally to the quality of performances

The major impetus for the huge Irish immigration to the United States after 1845 was

a deadly potato famine

Anti-Irish prejudice was especially based upon

fear of growing Catholic influence

The Germans who came to the United States

settled mainly in rural areas

By 1860, one would be most likely to encounter Norwegian and Swedish immigrants in

Wisconsin and Minnesota

German immigrants in the 1850s

tended to come as groups and families

The German migration to the United States

often ended in St. Louis, San Antonio, or Milwaukee

Lyman Beecher's anti-Catholic sermons in 1834

provoked a mob to attack the Ursuline Convent in Charlestown, Massachusetts

The Know-Nothing party

was established in the 1850s

The Know-Nothings proposed to

lengthen the time required to become a citizen

The Know-Nothings campaigned primarily to

limit immigrant influence

In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that

forming a trade union was not illegal

The various Workingmen's parties failed for all the following reasons EXCEPT

most workers had no serious problems

A radical wing of the Jackson Democratic Party was also known as

the Locofocos

A large strike led by Massachusetts shoemakers in early 1860

won higher wages and union recognition

Physicians in the early 1800s

included very few women

Ironically, the Jacksonian era was characterized by

growing economic and social inequality

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