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40 terms

Chapter 13

STUDY
PLAY
Deists
included Founding Fathers such as Jefferson and Franklin
Unitarianism
was especially strong in Boston
Universalists believed that
everyone can be saved
Which of the following religious movements arising in the nineteenth century attracted mainly workers and poor people?
Universalism
The rapidly growing church that broke away from Anglicanism in the 1780s was the ______ church
Methodist
Which Protestant denomination "stressed the equality of all before God" and had no authority higher than the congregation?
Baptist
African Americans found the Methodist and Baptist churches especially attractive because of their
belief in salvation for all
Which of the following could be associated with the Second Great Awakening?
the popularity of camp meetings
Francis Asbury
was the original Methodist "circuit rider"
Camp meetings often gave women an opportunity to
be leaders outside the home
Which of the following is NOT true of Charles Finney?
He was an active Universalist preacher
The first American college to admit both blacks and women was
Oberlin
Joseph Smith
found golden plates whose etchings became the Book of Mormon
Through the 1830s and early 1840s, Mormons
generated hostility from non-Mormons
Brigham Young
led the Mormons to Utah
The rise of Romanticism indicated
recognition of the limits of science and reason
The essayist and lecturer who became the most prominent transcendentalist was
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreau best exhibited his transcendentalist perspective when he
lived in a cabin at Walden Pond
In response to the Mexican War, Thoreau
refused to pay his poll tax
The literary productions of the 1850s
were of extraordinary quality
Nathaniel Hawthorne
used the themes of guilt and evil in many of his stories
Emily Dickinson
published only a few poems in her lifetime
The writer whose great short stories often featured the "grotesque and supernatural" was
Edgar Allan Poe
The poet Walt Whitman
disturbed some readers with his sexual themes
By the 1840s, newspapers
skyrocketed in circulation
In 1840, American literacy rates
were the highest in the Western world
The Southern state that by 1860 had done the most to advance public education was
North Carolina
By 1840, most colleges
were affiliated with churches
The temperance movement was motivated by all the following EXCEPT
binge-drinking among college students
The American Temperance Union lost many members in 1836 when it
called for abstinence from all alcoholic beverages
Dorothea Lynde Dix directed her reform efforts at
insane asylums
Prison reformers of the early 1800s saw a major objective of the penitentiary as
rehabilitation
The woman who wrote the profoundly influential A Treatise on Domestic Economy was
Catharine Beecher
The Seneca Falls Convention
demanded equal rights for women
Members of the Shaker community
practiced celibacy and owned everything in common
Mother Ann Lee was
founder of the Shakers
The founder of the Oneida Community was
The founder of the Oneida Community was
The Oneida Community became notorious for its practice of
complete sexual freedom
All of the following are true of Brook Farm EXCEPT
it was long lasting
Most of the utopian communities of the early nineteenth century
quickly became failures