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40 terms

Chapter 14

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As president, William Henry Harrison
died after only a month in office
William Henry Harrison
was elected more on his military record than for his stand on the issues
President Tyler infuriated Henry Clay by vetoing his bill in support of
a new national bank
Which leader is described as a president without a party?
John Tyler
The Creole incident
involved the British freeing American slaves after they mutinied and escaped
When editor John L. O'Sullivan wrote of "manifest destiny," he meant that American westward expansion
was sanctioned by God
The Plains Indians encountered by Americans migrating westward
were highly dependent on horses and buffalo
The majority of Spanish-speaking people in the Southwest lived in
New Mexico
Large-scale American emigration to the Oregon Country
began in earnest in the early 1840s
Spain began to settle California in 1769 to protect it from the encroachment of the
Russians
Spanish missions established in California
sought to turn Indians into hard-working Christians
Rancheros
usually used Indians as slaves
By the late 1820s, American ships had begun to arrive in California seeking especially to acquire
cow hides and tallow
After Mexico gained its independence in 1821, the Santa Fe Trail established vigorous commerce between New Mexico and
Missouri
By the 1830s, there was so much commercial activity between Mexico and St. Louis that the Mexican silver peso had become
the primary medium of exchange in Missouri
With the onset of the California gold rush in 1849, Plains Indians, led by the Cheyenne
seized the opportunity to supply buffalo meat and skins to the white pioneers
The stranding of the Donner party in 1846 resulted in
rampant cannibalism
John Charles Frémont
became famous for his western explorations
Most of the American settlers in Texas went there because of
cheap cotton lands
The Mexican ban on American immigration to Texas
was ineffective
In the 1820s, Stephen F. Austin
encouraged thousands of Anglos to settle in Texas
At the Battle of San Jacinto
Santa Anna was captured
Sam Houston's contribution to Texas independence was his
defeat of the Mexican army at San Jacinto
Congress voted to annex Texas
between Polk's election and his inauguration
The Republic of Texas
developed trade relations with Britain and France
According to Henry Clay, annexation of Texas
was "dangerous to the integrity of the Union"
The major factor that delayed Texas annexation until 1845 was
concern over Texas entering as a slave state
In the election of 1844
Liberty party votes in New York cost Clay the White House
Polk's nickname of "Young Hickory" most reflected his
association with Jackson and support for Jacksonian policies
As president, Polk supported all of the following EXCEPT
internal improvements
The phrase "fifty-four forty or fight!" referred to
Oregon
Polk ordered Zachary Taylor to move his troops to the Rio Grande to
provoke a Mexican attack
The Mexican War erupted when
Mexican and U.S. troops clashed north of the Rio Grande
Among the most vocal opponents of the Mexican War was
Abraham Lincoln
California's Bear Flag Republic
lasted only a month until American rule was established
The decisive victory in the war came with Winfield Scott's capture of
Mexico City
As a result of his victories in Northern Mexico, the Mexican War made a national hero of
Zachary Taylor
All of the following resulted from the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo EXCEPT
U.S. troops continued to occupy Mexico
Which of the following statements about the Mexican War is NOT true?
It was one of the most unselfish wars in history
The Mexican War contributed to all of the following EXCEPT
the strengthening of the Union