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DIAGNOSTIC TESTING CHAPTER 34

STUDY
PLAY
ABDOMINAL PARACENTESIS
A PROCEDURE TO OBTAIN A SPECIMEN OF ASCETIC FLUID FOR LABORATORY STUDY AND TO RELIEVE PRESSURE ON THE ABDOMINAL ORGANS DUE TO THE PRESENCE OF EXCESS FLUID
ANGIOGRAPHY
A DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURE ENABLING X-RAY VISUAL EXAMINATION OF THE VASCULAR SYSTEM AFTER INJECTION OF A RADIOPAQUE DYE
ANOSCOPY
VISUAL EXAMINATION OF THE ANAL CANAL USING AN ANOSCOPE (A LIGHTED INSTRUMENT)
ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES
SPECIMEN OF ARTERIAL BLOOD THAT ASSESSES OXYGENATION, VENTILATION, AND ACID-BASE STATUS
ASCITES
A LARGE AMOUNT OF FLUID ACCUMULATION IN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY
ASPIRATION
WITHDRAWAL OF FLUID THAT HAS ABNORMALLY COLLECTED (E.G. PLEURAL CAVITY, ABDOMINAL CAVITY) OR TO OBTAIN A SPECIMEN (E.G. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID)
BIOPSY
REMOVAL AND EXAMINATION OF TISSUE
BLOOD CHEMISTRY
A NUMBER OF TESTS PERFORMED ON BLOOD SERUM (THE LIQUID PORTION OF THE BLOOD)
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN
A MEASURE OF BLOOD LEVEL OF UREA, THE END PRODUCT OF PROTEIN METABOLISM
CANNULA
A TUBE WITH A LUMEN (CHANNEL) THAT IS INSERTED INTO A CAVITY OR DUCT AND IS OFTEN FITTED WITH A TROCAR DURING INSERTION FOR ABDOMINAL PARACENTESIS; THE PART OF THE NEEDLE THAT IS ATTACHED TO THE HUB; ALSO CALLED A SHAFT
CLEAN CATCH URINE SPECIMEN
URINE SPECIMENS FOR URINE CULTURE; ALSO CALLED MIDSTREAM URINE SPECIMEN
CLEAN VOIDED URINE SPECIMEN
URINE SPECIMENS FOR ROUTINE URINALYSIS
COLONOSCOPY
VISUAL EXAMINATION OF THE INTERIOR OF THE COLON WITH A COLONOSCOPE
COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT
SPECIMENS OF VENOUS BLOOD, INCLUDES HEMOGLOBIN AND HEMATOCRIT MEASUREMENTS, ERYTHROCYTE COUNT, LEUKOCYTE COUNT, RED BLOOD CELL INDICES, AND A DIFFERENT WHITE CELL COUNT
COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
A PAINLESS, NONINVASIVE X-RAY PROCEDURE THAT HAS THE UNIQUE CAPABILITY OF DISTINGUISHING MINOR DIFFERENCES IN THE DENSITY OF TISSUES
CREATININE
A NITROGENOUS WASTE THAT IS EXCRETED IN THE URINE
CYSTOSCOPE
A LIGHTED INSTRUMENT USED TO VISUALIZE THE INTERIOR OF THE URINARY BLADDER
CYSTOSCOPY
VISUAL EXAMINATION OF THE URINARY BLADDER WITH A CYSTOSCOPE
ECHOCARDIOGRAM
A NONINVASIVE TEST THAT USES ULTRASOUND TO VISUALIZE STRUCTURES OF THE HEART AND EVALUATE LEFT VENTRICULAR FUNCTION
ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
A GRAPH OF THE ELECTRIC ACTIVITY OF THE HEART
ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY
PROVIDES A GRAPHIC RECORDING OF THE HEART'S ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY
EXPECTORATE
SPIT OUT
GUAIAC TEST
A TEST PERFORMED FOR OCCULT (HIDDEN) BLOOD IN THE STOOL TO DETECT GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING NOT VISIBLE TO THE EYE
HEMATOCRIT
THE PROPORTION OF RED BLOOD CELLS (ERYTHROCYTES) TO THE TOTAL BLOOD VOLUME
HEMOGLOBIN
THE RED PIGMENT IN RED BLOOD CELLS THAT CARRIES OXYGEN
HEMOGLOBIN A1C
MEASUREMENT OF BLOOD GLUCOSE THAT IS BOUND TO HEMOGLOBIN
HEMOPTYSIS
THE PRESENCE OF BLOOD IN THE SPUTUM
INTRAVENOUS PYELOGRAPHY
X-RAY FILMING OF THE KIDNEY AND URETERS AFTER INJECTION OF A RADIOPAQUE MATERIAL INTO THE VEIN
KIDNEYS URETERS BLADDER
X-RAY OF THE KIDNEYS, URETERS, AND BLADDER
LEUKOCYTE
WHITE BLOOD CELL
LUMBAR PUNCTURE
PROCEDURE IN WHICH CEREBROSPINAL FLUID IS WITHDRAWN THROUGH A NEEDLE INSERTED INTO THE SUBARACHNOID SPACE OF THE SPINAL CANAL BETWEEN HE THIRD AND FOURTH LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, OR BETWEEN THE FOURTH AND FIFTH LUMBAR VERTEBRAE; ALSO CALLED SPINAL TAP
LUNG SCAN
RECORDS THE EMISSIONS FROM RADIOISOTOPES THAT INDICATE HOW WELL GAS AND BLOOD ARE TRAVELING THROUGH THE LUNGS; ALSO KNOWN AS A V/Q (VENTILATION/PERFUSION) SCAN
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
A NONINVASIVE DIAGNOSTIC SCANNING TECHNIQUE IN WHICH THE CLIENT IS PLACED IN A MAGNETIC FIELD
MANOMETER
A GLASS OR PLASTIC TUBE CALIBRATED IN MILLIMETERS THAT IS USED TO TAKE CEREBROSPINAL PRESSURE READINGS
MIDSTREAM URINE SPECIMEN
URINE SPECIMENS FOR URINE CULTURE; ALSO CALLED CLEAN-CATCH URINE SPECIMEN
OCCULT BLOOD
HIDDEN BLOOD
PEAK LEVEL
INDICATES THE HIGHEST CONCENTRATION OF THE DRUG IN THE BLOOD SERUM
PHLEBOTOMIST
A PERSON FROM A LABORATORY WHO PERFORMS VENIPUNCTURE, COLLECTING THE BLOOD SPECIMEN FOR THE TESTS ORDERED BY THE PRIMARY CARE PROVIDER
POLYCYTHEMIA
A CONDITION IN WHICH CLIENTS WITH CHRONIC HYPOXIA MAY DEVELOP HIGHER THAN NORMAL COUNTS OF RED BLOOD CELLS
POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY
A NONINVASIVE RADIOLOGIC STUDY THAT INVOLVES THE INJECTION OR INHALATION OF A RADIOISOTOPE
PROCTOSCOPY
THE VIEWING OF THE RECTUM
PROCTOSIGMOIDOSCOPY
THE VIEWING OF THE RECTUM AND SIGMOID COLON
RADIOPHARMACAUTICAL
A PHARMACEUTICAL (TARGETED TO A SPECIFIC ORGAN) LABELED WITH A RADIOISOTOPE, ADMINISTERED THROUGH VARIOUS ROUTES, TO DETERMINE HYPERFUNCTION OR HYPOFUNCTION OF THE ORGAN
REAGENT
A SUBSTANCE USED TO PRODUCE A CHEMICAL REACTION TO DETECT OR MEASURE OTHER SUBSTANCES
RED BLOOD CEL COUNT
NUMBER OF RED BLOOD CELLS PER CUBIC MILLIMETER OF WHOLE BLOOD
RED BLOOD CELL INDICES
EVALUATE SIZE, WEIGHT, AND HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATIONS OF RED BLOOD CELLS
RETROGRADE PYELOGRAPHY
A RADIOGRAPHIC STUDY USED TO EVALUATE THE URINARY TRACT
SALIVA
THE CLEAR LIQUID SECRETED BY THE SALIVARY GLANDS IN THE MOUTH
SERUM OSMOLALITY
A MEASURE OF THE SOLUTE CONCENTRATION OF THE BLOOD
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
THE WEIGHT OR DEGREE OF CONCENTRATION OF A SUBSTANCE COMPARED WITH THAT OF AN EQUAL VOLUME OF ANOTHER, SUCH AS DISTILLED WATER, TAKEN AS A STANDARD
SPUTUM
THE MUCOUS SECRETION FROM THE LUNGS, BRONCHI, AND TRACHEA
STEATORRHEA
EXCESSIVE AMOUNT OF FAT IN THE STOOL DUE TO A MALABSORPTION SYNDROME OR PANCREATIC ENZYME DEFICIENCY
STRESS ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY
USES ECGS TO ASSESS A CLIENT'S RESPONSE TO AN INCREASED CARDIAC WORKLOAD DURING EXERCISE
THORACENTESIS
A PROCEDURE TO REMOVE EXCESS FLUID OR AIR FROM THE PLEURAL CAVITY TO EASE BREATHING OR TO INTRODUCE CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC DRUGS INTRAPLEURALLY
TROCAR
A SHARP, POINTED INSTRUMENT
TROUGH LEVEL
REPRESENTS THE LOWEST CONCENTRATION OF A DRUG IN THE BLOOD SERUM
ULTRASONOGRAPHY
THE USE OF ULTRASOUND TO PRODUCE AN IMAGE OF AN ORGAN OR TISSUE
URINE OSMOLALITY
A MEASURE OF THE SOLUTE CONCENTRATION OF URINE, A MORE EXACT MEASUREMENT OF URINE CONCENTRATION THAN SPECIFIC GRAVITY
VENIPUNCTURE
PUNCTURE OF A VEIN FOR COLLECTION OF A BLOOD SPECIMEN OR FOR INFUSION OF THERAPEUTIC SOLUTIONS
WHITE BLOOD CELL COUNT
DETERMINES THE NUMBER OF CIRCULATING WHITE BLOOD CELLS PER CUBIC MILLIMETER OF WHOLE BLOOD