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27 terms

Glossary Quiz 4/5/12

STUDY
PLAY
onomatopoeia
a word capturing or approzimating the sound it describes. EX buzz
orchestra
in classical Greek theater, a semi-circular area used for dancing by the chorus
ottava rima
literally octave rhyme in Italian. a verse form consisting of eight line stanzas and iambic meter
overplot
especially in shakepearean drama, a subplot that resembles the main plot but stresses the polotical implications of the depicted action
overstatement
exaggerated language, also called hyperbole
oxymoron
a figure of speech that combines two contradictory items
parable
a short work of fiction that illustrates an explicit moral, but that, unlike a fable, lacks fantastic characters. EX the good samaritan in the bible
parody
any work that imitates or spoofs another work or genre for the comic effect by exaggerating style and changing content of the original. subgenre of satire
particular setting
the times and places in which individual episodes or scenes take place
pastoral literature
a work or category of works describing the simple life of country folk, usually shepards who live a painless life in a world of beauty and love
pentameter
a line of poetry with 5 feet
persona
the voice or figure of the author who tells and structures the story. may or may not share the values of the actual author, also called implied author
personification
a figure of speech that involved treating something nonhuman such as abstraction, as if it were a person by endowing it with humanlike qualities
Petrarchan sonnett
a verse form consisting of 14 lines in iambic pentameter consisting of an octave and a sestet
plot
the arrangement of the action. five parts are exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and conclusion
plot summary
a brief recounting of the principal action of a work of fiction, drama, or narrative poetry.
plot time
when the action depicted in the work supposedly took place
poetry
one of the three major genres of imaginative literature which has its origins in music and oral performance. characterized by controlled patterns of rhythm and syntax (using rhyme and meter) compression and compactness and an allowance for ambiguity. use figurative language
point of view
the perspective from which people, events, and other details in a work of fiction are viewed. also called focus. sometimes used to include both focus and voice.
prop
in drama, an object used on the stage
proscenium arch
an arch over the front of the stage, serves as a frame for the action on stage
prose
the regular form of spoken and written language, meausred in sentences not lines
protagonist
the most broad term for the main character in a work. male or female, heroic or not heroic
psychological realism
any literary attempt to accurately represent the workings of the human mind
quatrain
a four line unit of verse, whether an entire poem, a stanza or group of four lines linked by rhyme
reader time
when a reader actual reads a work or sees it performed
realism
the practice of (in literature) attempting to describe nature and life as they are without idealization and with attention to detail