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flail chest

three or more adjacent ribs broken in two or more places

vehicle extraction

removing victims from a vehicle (hearst tool or Jaws of Life)

traumatic brain injury (TBI)

brain injury that occurs when the head is struck or hit by some external force

emergency medical system (EMS)

get help for scene of crash, etc. 911

diffuse axonal injury

injury that occurs between different parts of the brain that results in twisting of the brain


advanced cardiac life support

myocardial contusion

a bruise of the myocardium caused by blunt trauma to the chest


an inflammation of the peritoneum (cavity)


bowel sounds in the chest (listening: ears or stethoscope)


bones rubbing against each other

signs of flail chest

chest pushed forward and crepitance (uneven breathing)

signs of abdonimal injury

bruising, pain, tenderness, rigidity

leading cause of MVC's

aortic rupture

hazards w/vehicle extractions

fire or explosion, unexploded charges, and vehicle shifting (rolling onto rescuers)

interventions w/ vehicle extractions

stabilize patient, perform basic vitals, ABC's, cervical collar, EMS

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