Conflict in the Middle East
Terms in this set (37)
What were some things that the Middle Eastern nations did after WWII?
-Tried to secure allies
-Strategic importance in the Cold War
-Vital petroleum fields
What is the largest ethnic group and what type of Muslims is the group made of?
-Farmers and Sunni Muslims
What U.S. state is the same size as the Middle East?
How was Afghanistan after WWII?
-Still the poorest and most undeveloped nation
What super power backed Afghanistan?
What did the Soviet Union do to help?
-They sent troops out to support the regime
What are the militant Muslims called?
Who did the militant Muslims receive training from?
What type of terrain is ideal for guerrilla warfare?
Who performed coordinated suicide attacks of September 11? What were the attacks? How many people were involved in the attack?
-hijacked four commercial planes and crashed them into the World Trade Center in NYC
What where the places the attackers targeted?
-The White House or Capital Building
How many people were killed in the 9/11 attacks?
What was the mission in the invasion of Afghanistan?
-Capture Osama bin Laden
-Destroy Al-Qaeda network
-Remove Taliban Regime
What is the Taliban?
-An ultra conservative Islamic militia group that ruled Afghanistan
Who was the leader of the Taliban?
-Osama bin Laden
What did Osama bin Laden do to help the Taliban?
-Financed and supported attacks on the U.S.
Besides 9/11 what other three attacks are attributed to the Taliban?
-World Trade Center bombing
-Attacked "The Cole"
What happened to Osama bin Laden?
-The U.S. military killed him in 2011
What is Al-Queda?
A militant Islamic group that operates as a network comprising a multinational, radical movement. It's also known as a terrorist organization.
What does Jihad mean?
What is grown illegally as a source of opium and what drug does it produce?
How did the Taliban make a lot of money?
Unregulated drug trades
First elected president of Afghanistan.
When did he come into power?
-When the Taliban was overthrown
Although he survived many assassination attempts, what did he manage to do?
What is the Persian Gulf War and explain what happened.
Iraq's invasion on Kuwait. Iraq accused Kuwait of stealing oil when Iraq really couldn't pay for the war in Iran.
How did Hussain defy the U.N.?
By not complying with weapon inspections
What did President Clinton do?
-Ordered air strikes against Iraq for not following the rules.
After Suddam Hussein was captures what happened to him?
He was charged with war crimes and he was hanged
What did his war crimes include?
Him using women and children and using chemical weapons on Iranians and Kurds
Before the revolution who was Iran ran by?
-Mohammah Eza Shah
What changes did the Shah make in Iran?
-Built military, became more westernized, and more modernized
After Shah was overthrown, what happened?
-Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini took over and it became and Islamic Republic
What is a theocracy?
-A government run by officials thought to be divinely guided
What did Ian call the U.S.?
-The Great Satan
Why did the Ayatollah hate the U.S.?
-Because we had supported the Shah
What happened when the U.S. refused?
-The U.S. embassy was taken hostage and they were released two years later
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