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49 terms

Defense Mechanisms

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Borderline Personality Organization
Defense mechanism that develops when a child can't integrate positive and negative views of the world (think object relations and paranoid-schizoid positions). Leads to splitting, denial, dissociation. Seen in Borderline PD but also normal people!
Defense mechanism that develops when a child can't integrate positive and negative views of the world (think object relations and paranoid-schizoid positions). Leads to splitting, denial, dissociation. Seen in Borderline PD but also normal people!
Borderline Personality Organization
Narcissistic Defenses
Always severely pathological, seen in overt psychosis (but also in personality disorders, normal childhood, and dreams) Denial: Refusal to accept external reality

Distortion: Grossly reshaping external reality

Projection: Persecutory delusions about reality (ie: homophobia taking the form of gay-bashing)

Splitting: Disintegration of negative and positive impulses. ie: a person is either all good or all bad.
Immature Defenses (as a whole)
Most often seen in normal adolescents. Also seen in people with severe depression and personality disorders.
Most often seen in normal adolescents. Also seen in people with severe depression and personality disorders.
Immature Defenses (as a whole)
Acting out
Immature defense. expressing an unconcious wish or impulse through action to avoid the psychic conflict of not fulfilling that desire.
Immature defense. expressing an unconcious wish or impulse through action to avoid the psychic conflict of not fulfilling that desire.
Acting out
Idealization
Immature defense. Unconciously choosing to perceive another individual as having more positive qualities than they actually have.
Immature defense. Unconciously choosing to perceive another individual as having more positive qualities than they actually have.
Idealization
Passive aggression
Immature defense. aggression towards other expressed indirectly or through procrastination.
Immature defense. aggression towards other expressed indirectly or through procrastination.
Passive aggression
Introjection
Immature defense. Internalizing the qualities of an onject or person to alleviate anxiety. ie: identifying with an aggressor.
Immature defense. Internalizing the qualities of an onject or person to alleviate anxiety. ie: identifying with an aggressor.
Introjection
Somatization
Immature defense. transformation of negative feelings about others into feelings about oneself.
Immature defense. transformation of negative feelings about others into feelings about oneself.
Somatization
Regression
Immature defense. Attempting to return to an earlier phase of functioning to avoid tension and conflict.
Immature defense. Attempting to return to an earlier phase of functioning to avoid tension and conflict.
Regression
Hypochondriasis
Immature defense. Exaggeration of an illness to evade or regress and unconciously avoid responsibility/guilt.
Immature defense. Exaggeration of an illness to evade or regress and unconciously avoid responsibility/guilt.
Hypochondriasis
Neurotic defenses (as a whole)
Common in adults, good for short-term coping. If long-term, you're Woody Allen.
Common in adults, good for short-term coping. If long-term, you're Woody Allen.
Neurotic defenses (as a whole)
Controlling
Neurotic defense. Attempting to manage or regulate events and onjects to minimize anxiety.
Neurotic defense. Attempting to manage or regulate events and onjects to minimize anxiety.
Controlling
Displacement
Neurotic defense. Redirecting an impulse to a less threatening or more acceptable target. ie: angry at spouse but yell at kids.
Neurotic defense. Redirecting an impulse to a less threatening or more acceptable target. ie: angry at spouse but yell at kids.
Displacement
Intellectualization
Neurotic defense. Excessive use of intellect to avoid human emotion.
Neurotic defense. Excessive use of intellect to avoid human emotion.
Intellectualization
Rationalization
Neurotic defense. Using faulty reasoning to justify a situation.
Neurotic defense. Using faulty reasoning to justify a situation.
Rationalization
(a) Dissociation vs (b) isolation
Neurotic defenses.
(a) Temporary and drastic modification of character to avoid emotional distress. Postponing a normal feeling.
(b) Total separation of feeling from event (ie: describing a murder without any emotion)
Neurotic defenses.
(a) Temporary and drastic modification of character to avoid emotional distress. Postponing a normal feeling.
(b) Total separation of feeling from event (ie: describing a murder without any emotion)
(a) Dissociation vs (b) isolation
Reaction formation
Neurotic defense. Transforming an unacceptable impulse into its opposite. ie: doing something nice for someone you actually hate.
Neurotic defense. Transforming an unacceptable impulse into its opposite. ie: doing something nice for someone you actually hate.
Reaction formation
Repression
Neurotic defense. Repelling an idea or feeling from being conciously perceived.
Neurotic defense. Repelling an idea or feeling from being conciously perceived.
Repression
Mature defenses (as a whole)
Defenses found in emotionally healthy adults, enhance feelings of pleasure and control. Integrate conflicting emotions and thoughts.
Defenses found in emotionally healthy adults, enhance feelings of pleasure and control. Integrate conflicting emotions and thoughts.
Mature defenses (as a whole)
Altruism
Mature Defense. Constructive service to others taht brings pleasure and personal satisfaction.
Mature Defense. Constructive service to others taht brings pleasure and personal satisfaction.
Altruism
Anticipation
Mature Defense. Realistic planning for future discomfort.
Mature Defense. Realistic planning for future discomfort.
Anticipation
Humor
Mature Defense. Skirting around innately distressing thoughts. NOT cynicism, which would be passive-aggressive.
Mature Defense. Skirting around innately distressing thoughts. NOT cynicism, which would be passive-aggressive.
Humor
Identification
Mature Defense. Unconciously using a remodel to change behavior...but not idealization.
Mature Defense. Unconciously using a remodel to change behavior...but not idealization.
Identification
Sublimation
Mature Defense. Conscious transformation of negative emotions into positive actions and behavior. (ie: alcoholic turned AA organizer)
Mature Defense. Conscious transformation of negative emotions into positive actions and behavior. (ie: alcoholic turned AA organizer)
Sublimation
Suppression
Mature Defense. Consciously temporarily removing your personal drama from a situation to deal with the problem at hand.
Mature Defense. Consciously temporarily removing your personal drama from a situation to deal with the problem at hand.
Suppression