Terms in this set (34)
Process by which people make up for a perceived weakness by strongly emphasizing a feature that they consider more desirable.
Avoidance of disagreeable realities by ignoring or refusing to recognize them; the simplest and most primitive of all defense mechanisms.
Shift of emotion from a person or object to another, usually neutral or less dangerous, person or object.
The separation of a group of mental or behavioral processes from the rest of the person's consciousness or identity.
Process by which people try to become like someone they admire by taking on thoughts, mannerisms, or tastes of that person.
Excessive reasoning or logic is used to avoid experiencing disturbing feelings.
Intense identification in which people incorporate qualities or values of another person or group into their own ego structure. It is one of the earliest mechanisms of the child, important in formation of conscience.
Splitting off of emotional components of a thought, which may be temporary or long term.
Attributing one's thoughts or impulses to another person. Through this process one can attribute intolerable wishes, emotional feelings, or motivation to another person.
Offering a socially acceptable or apparently logical explanation to justify or make acceptable otherwise unacceptable impulses, feelings, behaviors, and motives.
Development of conscious attitudes and behavior patterns that are opposite to what one really feels or would like to do.
Retreat to behavior characteristic of an earlier level of development.
Involuntary exclusion of a painful or conflicted thought, impulse, or memory from awareness. It is the primary ego defense, and other mechanisms tend to reinforce it.
Viewing people and situations as either all good or all bad; failure to integrate the positive and negative qualities of oneself.
Acceptance of a socially approved substitute goal for a drive whose normal channel of expression is blocked.
A process often listed as a defense mechanism, but really it is a conscious counterpart of repression. It is intentional exclusion of material from consciousness. At times, it may lead to repression.
Act or communication that partially negates a previous one; a primitive defense mechanism.
Larry makes a passionate declaration of love to Sue on a date. At their next meeting he treats her formally and distantly.
A young man at work finds he is thinking so much about his date that evening that it is interfering with his work. He decides to put it out of his mind until he leaves the office for the day.
Ed has an impulsive and physically aggressive nature. He tries out for the football team and becomes a star tackle.
A friend tells you that you are the most wonderful person in the world one day and how much she hates you the next day.
Mr. R does not recall hitting his wife when she was pregnant.
Four-year-old Nicole, who has been toilet trained for more than 1 year, begins to wet her pants again when her new baby brother is brought home from the hospital
A married woman who feels attracted to one of her husband's friends treats him rudely.
John fails an examination and complains that the lectures were not well organized or clearly presented.
A young woman who denies she has sexual feelings about a co-worker accuses him without basis of trying to seduce her.
A medical student dissects a cadaver for her anatomy course without being disturbed by thoughts of death.
Eight-year-old Jimmy tells his 3-year-old sister, "Don't scribble in your book of nursery rhymes. Just look at the pretty pictures," thus expressing his parents' values.
A woman avoids dealing with her anxiety in shopping malls by explaining that shopping is a frivolous waste of time and money.
Sally, 15 years old, has her hair styled like that of her young English teacher, whom she admires.
A man is brought to the emergency room by the police and is unable to explain who he is and where he lives or works.
A 4-year-old boy is angry because he has just been punished by his mother for drawing on his bedroom walls. He begins to play war with his soldier toys and has them fight with each other.
Ms. P has just been told that her breast biopsy indicates a malignancy. When her husband visits her that evening, she tells him that no one has discussed the laboratory results with her.
A businessman perceives his small physical stature negatively. He tries to overcome this by being aggressive, forceful, and controlling in business dealings.