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Terms in this set (245)

The resolution now before the Senate is a declaration of war. Before taking this momentous step, and while standing on the brink of this terrible vortex, we ought to pause and calmly and judiciously consider the terrible consequences of the step we are about to take.

No close student of recent history will deny that both Great Britain and Germany have, on numerous occasions since the beginning of the war, flagrantly violated in the most serious manner the rights of neutral vessels and neutral nations under existing international law as recognized up to the beginning of this war by the civilized world.

The reason given by the President in asking Congress to declare war against Germany is that the German Government has declared certain war zones, within which, by the use of submarines, she sinks, without notice, American ships and destroys American lives....

The first war zone was declared by Great Britain. She gave us and the world notice of it on the 4th day of November, 1914....

Both of these orders declaring military zones were illegal and contrary to international law. It is sufficient to say that our Government has officially declared both of them to be illegal and has officially protested against both of them...." —Senator George William Norris, Congressional Record, April 4, 1917

Based on the statement, why did Senator Norris oppose American involvement in the World War I?
Because American involvement would have no impact on the outcome of the war.
Because both Great Britain and Germany had violated international law.
Because American involvement would only lead to greater devastation for both sides.
Because the Germans were justified in their aggression against the Allies.
"My most immediate concern is in carrying out the purposes of the great work program just enacted by the Congress. Its first objective is to put men and women now on the relief rolls to work and, incidentally, to assist materially in our already unmistakable march toward recovery... We must begin now to make provision for the future. That is why our social security program is an important part of the complete picture. It proposes, by means of old age pensions, to help those who have reached the age of retirement to give up their jobs and thus give to the younger generation greater opportunities for work and to give to all a feeling of security as they look toward old age.

Provisions for social security, however, are protections for the future. Our responsibility for the immediate necessities of the unemployed has been met by the Congress through the most comprehensive work plan in the history of the Nation. Our problem is to put to work three and one-half million employable persons now on the relief rolls. It is a problem quite as much for private industry as for the government."—Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fireside Chat, April 28, 1935

What connection did President Roosevelt draw between social security and unemployment?
President Roosevelt argued that the social security program only related to future welfare and had no connection to unemployment.
President Roosevelt stated that social security would ease unemployment by encouraging older workers to retire and opening up jobs for younger workers.
"Hopeful that, encouraged by their example, all the other nations of the world will join in this humane endeavor and by adhering to the present treaty as soon as it comes into force bring their peoples within the scope of its beneficent provisions, thus uniting the civilized nations of the world in a common renunciation of war as an instrument of their national policy; [they] have decided to conclude a treaty and for that purpose have appointed as their respective plenipotentiaries... who, having communicated to one another their full powers found in good and due form have agreed upon the following articles:

ARTICLE I: The high contracting parties solemnly declare in the names of their respective peoples that they condemn recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, and renounce it as an instrument of national policy in their relations with one another.

ARTICLE II: The high contracting parties agree that the settlement or solution of all disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them, shall never be sought except by pacific means." —Kellogg-Briand Pact, August 27, 1928

What was the purpose of the Kellogg-Briand Pact, from which this excerpt was taken?
to bind participating nations to solve foreign disputes through peaceful means alone (outlaw war)
to establish a diplomatic alliance against the Central Powers
to encourage participating nations to defend each other in time of war
to create an organization much like the United Nations, which would provide a way to solve conflicts through diplomacy