Unlike in Germany, where the government officially was disbanded, the Japanese government, "Dai Nippon," did not pass away. A new government purged of the military leaders who dominated the former government was created and led, first by Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko, and later in 1945 by Kijūrō Shidehara.
The Allies set up a war crimes tribunal like that in Nuremberg, and Japanese accused of war crimes were put on trial. But at all times, the Japanese government continued, though, from 1945 through 1952, in a subordinate role to the allied occupation.
The Red Guard were mostly youths of China that believed in the policies of Mao and the Communist Party. They were key in the Cultural Revolution and Mao's idea of "constant revolution". Most of the members joined freely because of the natural rebellion of youths, but some joined for the protection for the protection of the Red Guard against other Red Guard members. They're job was mainly to destroy the "Four Olds" which included old customs, old culture, old habits and old ideas, so they destroyed antiques, books, buildings, monasteries, temples, etc. as well as killing or torturing teachers, school officials, intellectuals that taught old culture or didn't agree with Mao. They also discriminated against those who were religious, and supported atheism. Their ultimate purpose however was to solidify Chairman Mao Zedong's influence and power, which it did. By the end of the Cultural Revolution, Mao was almost considered a god in the eyes of the Chinese people. Their numbers were definitely in the high millions