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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 20 History
Terms in this set (101)
communist leader of CUba during the Cuban missile crisis
US diplomat who argued for a policy of containment in response to Communist expansion
Communist leader who attempted to make Poland less dependent on the Soviet Union
US president who resumed relations with China after the Vietnam War
Alliance designed to prevent Soviet expansion to the south
Capital of the Federal Republic of Germany
first president of France's 5th republic
Charles de Gualle
US president who beginning in 1964, increased the number of US troops in Vietnam
alliance designed to prevent Soviet expansion in southeast asia
west German leader responsible for the "economic miracle"
communist leader who declared Hungary a free nation
leader who set out to create a modern british welfare state
Soviet leader who promoted the growth of heavy industry over comsumer goods after wwII
US undersecretary of state who compared communist expansion to the spread of an infection
author of one day in the life of Ivan Denisovich
author of the second sex
simone de beauvior
US senator responsible for the red scare
US president involved in Cuban missile crisis
John F Kennedy
Soviet leader who built berlin wall
Communist leader of Yugoslavia after WWII
how many sections was berlin divided into after WWII
What countries made up west berlin?
USA, United Kingdom, and france
What country formed east berlin?
How do the US, UN, and France want to rebuild Germany and how do the Soviets want to rebuoild it?
US, UN, France- democracy
Where is Berlin actually located?
in east Germany (an island of capitalism in a sea of commiunism)
How does usin Berlin make democracy look better than communism?
west berlin that is not communist is rebuilt and restored faster than east berlin that is communist
when the Soviets controlled the area around Berlin which created an economic blockage of west berlin and no supplies got through
when food and supplies were lifted from Berlin with aircraft so that there would be a shortage in the town
didnt let people leave east germany or enter
all the best and smartest people were leaving so the Berlin wall was built to stop this exiting
Who was the cold war mainly between and why?
US and Soviet Union because they wanted to spread communism over the world and we wanted to stop it
large countries with strong armies
what is the United Nations?
Like the league of nations, but the united nations can actually force people to do what they want
who are the members of the league of nations?
US, Soviet Union, England, France and China
Where is the United Nations headed?
North American Treaty Organization
What 3 groups are fighting over communism and capitalism?
east, west, and 3rd world countries
border between communist and capitalist worlds
eastern europe, when Soviet Union takes over a certain country
American Policy of Containment
the American's did not want Communism to spread we wanted to stop it
What country did Greece have a relationshiop with?
we will give money and anyting else needed to people who are working with us to try and stop Communism
Secretary of state awarded the nobel peace prize
giving money to Europe to help themrebuild after WWII
What countries was the Truman Doctrine mostly for?
turkey and Greece
Why did we help rebuild Germany with public relations etc..
to shoe the Soviet Union how great we are
Cuban leader that was part of the Communist Party
what was the most dangerous place in the cold war?
when Cuba has a revolution does US really care?
When Cuba becomes a communist country what happens?
the rich important people leave
Bay of Pigs Invasion
in Cuba, plan of US to overthrow Fidel Castro by using Cuban exiles
Cuban Missile Crisis
both countries have bombs and US spy planes show that Cuba has a missile base so we agree to get rid of ours if they get rid of theirs
takes over as leader of Soviet Union, improves US Soviet relations
word used to describe the bettering of relationships between US and Soviet Union
under Brezhnev a phone line was installed from Moscow to the white house to communicate better
face to face meetings with the hope that less hate would be possible if you could see the person when you talked
put a limit on how many nuclear weapons could be created at one time
says that no communist country can stop being a communist country
Why are countries in easter europe communist?
the soviet union is making them
What is the one east european country that wants to be commmunust?
Josip Broz Tito
took over Yugoslavia and turned it communist, not a part of the soviet union
What was the first soviet satellite that tried to break free?
What did the Soviet Union do as a result of East Germany trying to break free?
sent in tanks and crushed them
leader in Poland after WWII that tried to make small reforms to modify things but not completely break away from the Soviets
What is one of the reforms Poland made?
under communism everyone is supposed to be atheist but poland made a reform that allowed people to not be punished for being catholic
leader in Hungary
What happens when Hungary tries to make reforms?
they go too far and the Soviet Union brings in tanks and crushes them
leader of reforms in Czech
Why do we not help Czech when they think we will?
we are caught up in the vietnam war and we dont want to start something else
What does the atomic bomb become?
the hydrogen bomb
Mutually Assured Distruction (MAD)
everyone is going to die if a nuclear war breaks out, if you bomb me i will bomb you, this keeps the peace because then nobody wants to bomb
Who is the replacement of Stalin?
getting rid of everything related to stalin
people don't have to like each other but they should try to get along
Did Nikita like Stalin?
no he thought he was an evil man
1st satellite put into space
What do people decide to use to drop these bigger hydrogen bombs?
Who developed sputnik?
why is it called space race?
everyone is racing to see who can build a rocket big enough to carry a hydrogen bomb into space and once that happens everyone panicks and tries to create something equally as biug to come out on top
a rocket designed to carry nuclear weapons
What is the difference between atamic and nuclear?
atomic uses nuclear fission (ripping apart0 and nuclear uses nuclear fusion (forcing together)
Why does US decide to spy on SOviet Union?
to see their progress on the nuclear weapons that they brag about
name of US spy plane that flew so hgh and fast over the Soviet Union that they could not catch it
U-2 Spy plane
pilot of the U-2
tak the atomic bomb off the ICBM and put a person in there instead
1st american to orbit the earth
launched 2 people into space and looked at comditions to see how long people can survive in space
Rocket system designed to go to the moon
1st person to step on the moon
What was a main weapon in the Vietnam war that had not been used very much before?
Who was Vietnam originally controlled by and who took it over after WWII?
originally France taken over by Japan
Japan lost WWII so what are the 2 options for Vietnam?
France could take it back over or they could become independent
What is the conflict in Vietnam?
Vietnam wants to be their own country but zfrance wants to take them back over
Who did the Vietnam war start between?
vietnam, and france
WHy does US get involved in this war?
vietnam splits into 2 and north vietnam wants to become communist and we want to stop communism from spreading
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
marked the end of french rule in vietnam
when the vietnamese supposedly attacked american ships in the gulf of tonkin but the vietnamese deny it, the event that really gets america started in the war
Operation Rolling Thunder
USA plan to bomb vietnam until they surrender, the plan failed
army told us that the war was almost over when it wasnt and they continue to attack, when americans find out about this they begin to lose faith and trust in the army and this war becomes unpopular
What happened at the end of the Vietnam war? Results?
North vietnam takes over south vietnam adn vietnam becomes communist country
did US win the vietnam war?
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