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38 terms

Digestive System

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Where does peristalsis occur in the digestive system?
from the pharynx to the anus
What is the function of the mucus in the stomach?
to protect the surface of the inner wall of the stomach
Which organs are accessory organs?
pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
When nutrients are digested but are not taken in by the intestinal tissues, this condition is called....
malabsorption
The major function of the large intestine is to what?
reabsorb water from chime
The double layered folds of peritoneum that support portions of the small intestine are called....?
mesenteries
The process by which bile causes the breakdown of fat globules into smaller droplets is called what?
emulsification
What is the function of the liver?
to form glucose from non-carbohydrates, store vitamin d, and destroy damaged red blood cells
What is a valve that controls the movement of food between the stomach and small intestine?
pyloric sphincter
The main part of the stomach is called the what?
body region
What is a wavelike propelling movement that forces food through the alimentary canal?
peristalsis
What is the function of the gallbladder?
to store bile
Where is the vomiting center located?
medulla oblongata
A hiatal hernia is due to a weakness where?
abdominal wall
What is the largest of the major salivary glands located anterior and inferior of each ear?
parotid glands
What connects the mouth with esophagus?
pharynx
Chym--
juice
Hepta--
liver
Aliment--
food
Gastr--
stomach
Nutri--
nourish
Villi--
hairy
What is the space inside a tubular structure, such as an intestine?
lumen
Food passing from the stomach through the small intestine would pass through these parts in order...
duodenum, ileum, jejunum
The condition called lactose intolerance is caused by what?
deficiency of lactase
What are the nutrients that begin digestion in the mouth?
carbohydrates
How long is the small intestine?
6 meters
What is made by the skin when it is exposed to sunlight?
vitamin d
What is an open sore in the mucous membrane resulting form localized tissue breakdown?
ulcer
What is spread by coming into contact with water contaminated with feces?
hepatitis e
What is the part of the large intestine that follows the small intestine?
ascending colon
What is the inability to swallow?
aphasia
What is the condition in which liver cells degenerate and surrounding connective tissues thicken?
cirrhosis
Because of their location, swollen palatine tonsils may interfere with what?
both breathing and swallowing
What is the function of gastrin, which is secreted by stomach cells?
increase the secretions of the gastric glands
How can hepatitis b be transmitted?
sexual activity, blood transfusions, and saliva
What do salivary glands secrete?
saliva
In what does the appendix become inflamed and infected?
appendicitis