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40 terms

Chapter 11 Names/Terms

STUDY
PLAY
the practical application of science to improving life
technology
useless in battle but good for duels
revolvers
inventor of the steel plow; halved the labor required to clear prairie for planting.
John Deere
Midwest's major cash crop
Wheat
inventor of mechanical reaper; harvested grain 7x faster with half the labor force
Cyrus McCormick
droppings of sea birds used as fertilizer
guano
identical components made by machine tools, speeding manufacturing process; by Eli Whitney
interchangeable parts
(one of the Connecticut Firms) began mass producing the revolving pistol.
Smith & Wesson
dramatized technology's democratic promis
railroad
had more track than any other railroad in 1855; made money by haling cargo and by real estate speculation
Illinois Central Railroad
helped made Wall Street the nation's greatest capital market
Railroad boom
home to Irish immigrants and free blacks
tenements
first national epidemic that followed shipping routes
cholera epidemic of 1832
first to employ anesthesia during surgery
Crawford Long
successfully uses anesthesia
William Morton
a poet who published a paper on how unclean hands spread puerperal fever
Oliver Holmes
"water cure"-to cleanse and rejuvenate the system
Hydropathy
popularized dietary changes as a way to better health
Sylvester Graham
created the scientific fad phrenology
Franz Grall
became chief promoters of phrenology
Orson and Lorenzo Fowler
publishing house by Orson Fowler that marketed phrenology books
Fowlers and Wells
one of the founders of the penny press
James Bennett
greatest showman of the century
P.T. Barnum
one of the many antebellum popularizers of black minstrelsy
Dan Bryant
Inventer of the Singer Machine-a sewing machine that did continuous stitching
Isaac Singer
wrote songs for minstrel shows reflecting white's notions of how black sang
Stephen Foster
British author whose historical novels became widely popular in the U.S.
Sir Walter Scott
author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Harriet Stowe
pioneer in development of a national literature with distinctively American themes
James Cooper
poet/didn't publish her work
Emily Dickinson
most popular dramatist
Shakespeare
created "tales of sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle"
Irving
popular figure in Cooper's novels
Natty
invented the sewing machine
Howe
transmitted the 1st telegraph message
Morse
invented the revolving pistol
Colt
created the couse of empire; amazing artist
Cole
painted numerous Native Americans in their "savage" state
Caitlin
designed NYC's Central Park to look like undisturbed countryside
Olmsted; Vanx
transcendentalism reinforced her feminist ideas; wrote "women in the 19th century"
Fuller