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The sociology project chapter 1-4 test
Terms in this set (50)
Social Networks (facebook)
how the ties between people, groups, and organizations work.
Coined by C. Wright Mills;
is the ability to think systematically about how the many things we see as personal problems are actually rooted in a larger society
The denial of oppertunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or other arbitrary reasons
external forces, most notebly social heirarchies, norms, and institution, that provide the context for individual group action.
Social order exists only because of this structure
Faulty generalizations about a subordinate group applied to all members of the group
a set of important social relationships that provide idividuals and groups with different kinds of status; in which some are elevated above others.
Intergenerational Social mobility
the movement of individuals from social position of their parents into their own social postion as adults.
ability to influence the behavior of others
the ability or right to have special access to oppertunities or claims on rewards by which a dominant group seeks to monopolize opportunites and control rewards or at least prevent existing privleges from eroding
enduring customs of social life, pattern ways of thinking.
were here before us and will be here after us
long term possibilites and potential
Ration Choice Theory/ Exchange Theory
-social stabilty is necrssary to have strong society and adequate socialization and social integration are necessary to acheive social stability.
-slow change is desirable
-Supports the Staus Quo
Every society is divided into two classes based on who owns the means of production.
Far reaching social change is needed to reduce or eliminate social inequality and to create an Egalitarian society
American Sociology; Chicago School
process by which people creatively shape reality through social interactions and socialy construct the reality of these situations
Rational Choice/ Exchange Theory
People act to maximize their pleasure and reduce their pain.
People act rationally and decide before they act whether their behavior will cause pain or pleasure
over reaching frameworks that suggest certain assumptions and assertions about the way the world works, for posing questions and evaluating evidence realted to those questions
Social environments , including economic and cultural conditions that influence peoples lives.
systematic study of people and cultures
process by which individuals come to understand expectations and norms of their groups. Various roles they transition into over their life, and how to behave in society or certain settings
refers to the way people act together, including how they modify and alter their behavior in response to the presence of others
longstanding and important practices , as well as the organizations that regulate those practices provise the frameworks for our daily lives
research that relies on words, obseervations , or pictures as data
statistical analysis of data
if using the same measurement technique in another study, they would end up with similar results
whether the measurement a person uses is actually accurate
what we think we cam know about the world
Looking Glass self
we adjust our actions to please others, our self image is based on how we think others see us
claim that only true way to gain knowledge about the world is to use the logic og natural sciences
understand how people give meaning to social life, objects, and processes- how they make sense of social reality and navigate social interaction
interpreters of peoples interpretations
Code of Ethics
set of guidelines that outline what is concidered moral and acceptable behavior
artificial situations that enable them to watch how people respond to them
ask standardized questions of large groups of people
on records and documents to understand how people, places, or things worked in the past
observation, ask a question, hypothesis, experiment, conclusions, theory/results
Replication of studies
researchers will apply the existing theory to new situations in order to determine generalizability to different subjects, age groups , races, locations, or sultures
Concept of Self (Mead)
individual reflection on ones own identity and social position, whisch is made and reformulated through interaction, becomes the vehicle to which we take our actions, interpreting and evaluating everything that comes our way
The "i" and the "me". The "I" is a personal action situation, while the "Me" considers how others will react to many actions
Social control exercised by common sense understandings of what is approperiate in a specific time and place
Social Construction of Reality
process by which knowledge is produced and codified, making it specific to a certain group or society.
The adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
the inability to understand, accept, or reference patterns of behavior or belief different from ones own
social position that a person holds
prestige, social identity
view that social structures exert so much power that individuals are limited in their agency/capacity go make free choices and exert their own free will
capacity of individuals or groups to make free choices and exert their own free will
Taught that man should try and change his society through revolution
Presentation of self in everday life (Goffman)
-a persons efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others
-as we present oursleves in society we give various signs into which people read " who we really are"
-tact and save face
set of individuals who share similar prefrences or social postitions and have influence on an individual
we model our behavior, they are the stars of the group, we want to be like them
Sociology VS Psychology
Sociology- study of societies
Psychology-study of mental function and behaviors
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