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the religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life

arabian peninsula

a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf


the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)


the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina

five pillars of islam

Declaration of faith, prayer, alms, fasting, and pilgrimage

sunni/shiite muslims

-any good muslim man can rule
-leader must be of blood relation to muhammed


a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions

gold-salt trade

Gold and salt made up trade and wealth in the African kingdoms because the Europeans wanted gold, and the Africans needed salt


During the Trans-Saharan trading time, Kingdoms such as these three countries of western Africa were important in connecting the Mediterranean basin to sub-Sahara Africa

mansa musa

this Mali king brought Mali to its peak of power and wealth from 1312 the 1337; he was the most powerful king in west africa


a city in central Mali near the Niger river

ibn battuta

Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan.

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