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ch.9 the islamic world and africa

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islam
the religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life
arabian peninsula
a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf
mohammed
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
quran
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
five pillars of islam
Declaration of faith, prayer, alms, fasting, and pilgrimage
sunni/shiite muslims
-any good muslim man can rule
-leader must be of blood relation to muhammed
savanna
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
gold-salt trade
Gold and salt made up trade and wealth in the African kingdoms because the Europeans wanted gold, and the Africans needed salt
ghana,mali,songhai
During the Trans-Saharan trading time, Kingdoms such as these three countries of western Africa were important in connecting the Mediterranean basin to sub-Sahara Africa
mansa musa
this Mali king brought Mali to its peak of power and wealth from 1312 the 1337; he was the most powerful king in west africa
timbuktu
a city in central Mali near the Niger river
ibn battuta
Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan.